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Fremont, CA
A 36-year-old male asked:

Please share some do's and dont's for patients with kidney stones.

139 doctor answers132 doctors weighed in
Dr. Daniel Weiss
Endocrinology 47 years experience
Drinking: Drinking lots of water doesn't prevent weight gain but sure can help if you have had kidney stones.
Dr. Thomas Namey
Rheumatology 49 years experience
Avoid: Avoid excess vitamin c & e. Two overused vitamins! vitamin c also causes kidney oxalate stones.
Dr. Steve Martinez
Breast Surgery 29 years experience
Do: Do check with your doctor to see what kinds of stones you have. Check your calcium and parathyroid hormone levels.
Dr. Steve Martinez
Breast Surgery 29 years experience
Stay: Stay hydrated. Drink at least eight glasses of water each day.
Dr. Raj Singh
Internal Medicine 12 years experience
Drink: Drink plenty of water, avoid vitamin c , limit consumption of tea.
Dr. Raj Singh
Internal Medicine 12 years experience
Drink: Drink plenty of fluids, avoid vitamin c and excessive intake of tea.
Dr. Raj Singh
Internal Medicine 12 years experience
Less: Less than 5 mm size stones can be spontaneously passed. Larger stone can be treated with lithotripsy.
Dr. Raj Singh
Internal Medicine 12 years experience
Do: Do drink plenty of water. Don't take vitamin c. Limit tea consumption.
Dr. Jared Fialkow
Specializes in Nephrology and Dialysis
One: One of the most important things to do to prevent kidney stones is to increase fluid intake. Drink!
Dr. Brian Hoffman
Dentistry 15 years experience
Avoid: Avoid caffeine, carbonated beverages and calcium supplements. Drink lots of water & juices.
Dr. Brian Hoffman
Dentistry 15 years experience
Do:: Do: drink plenty of water and fruit juices. Don't: drink caffeine, carbonated beverages or calcium.
Dr. Yaw Boateng
39 years experience
Drink: Drink lots of water. Low salt diet. No sugar/refined carbs. No sodas! stop eating meat.
Dr. Veeraish Chauhan
Nephrology and Dialysis 15 years experience
Drink: Drink at least 64 oz of water daily. Include some plant protein in diet. See a nephrologist!
Dr. Thomas Namey
Rheumatology 49 years experience
Calcium: Calcium oxalate stones are most common. They can be lessened by 100mg b6 and 400mg mg 2 x/day!
Dr. Dan Fisher
Internal Medicine 28 years experience
Have: Have your doc give you narcotics to keep on hand in the event you begin to pass a stone after hours.
Dr. Veeraish Chauhan
Nephrology and Dialysis 15 years experience
Drink: Drink atleast 64 oz water daily. That wont dissolve existing stones, but will prevent further formation.
Dr. Veeraish Chauhan
Nephrology and Dialysis 15 years experience
They: They might not need treatment if they are non obstructing and not causing pain/infections.
Dr. James Krick
Urology 37 years experience
Avoid: Avoid "dehydrating drinks" such as those containing caffeine or alcohol. They increase your risk.
Dr. James Krick
Urology 37 years experience
Chronic: Chronic stone formers should strive to make at least 2 liters of urine per day.
Dr. Heidi Fowler
Psychiatry 26 years experience
Green: Green tea & kidney stones: for a history of calcium oxalate renal stones, avoid excess green tea.
Dr. Howard Usitalo
Urology 41 years experience
Drink: Drink at least 2-3 liters of fluid per day. Consider lemonade to reduce chance of calcium stones.
Dr. Joe Littlejohn
Urology 27 years experience
The: The size and location of the urinary tract stone will dictate the treatment option most appropriate.
Dr. Joe Littlejohn
Urology 27 years experience
Stone: Stone formers should drink enough to urinate about 2.5 liters daily to reduce the risk of recurrence.
Dr. James Krick
Urology 37 years experience
Kidney: Kidney stones can be reduced by drinking enough fluid to make 2 liters of urine per day.
Dr. Joseph Woods
Pathology 29 years experience
Whatever: Whatever the treatment, drinking liberal amounts of fluids is a reliable way of stopping new ones.
Dr. Lane Childs
Urology 35 years experience
Drink: Drink more water and lemonade, minimize caffeine, colas and carbonation, and minimize fast foods.
Dr. Monib Zirvi
Dermatology 22 years experience
Hydrating: Hydrating through drinking water and watching your caffeine, calcium and citric acid intake may help.
Dr. Tarek Naguib
Nephrology and Dialysis 41 years experience
80: 80 oz or more liquid per day lemonade best. Low salt, no calcium pills. Less red meat, caffeine & dairy.
Dr. Tarek Naguib
Nephrology and Dialysis 41 years experience
2.5: 2.5 liters liquid per day, preferably citrus. If you know the type of stone your doctor can treat it specifically.
Dr. Tarek Naguib
Nephrology and Dialysis 41 years experience
Don't: Don't get dehydrated, take calcium pills, or take much dairy. Drink your liquids & treat UTI prompty.
Dr. Zafar Khan
Urology 59 years experience
Medical: Medical treatment for uric acid stones is very effective. Prevention of uti's are fundamental to avoid.
Dr. Zafar Khan
Urology 59 years experience
Eat: Eat less salt, drink lots of water, milk products in moderation.
Dr. John Tillett
Urology 23 years experience
Different: Different stone formers need different stone prevention strategies - get tested to determine risk.
Dr. John Tillett
Urology 23 years experience
DO:: Do: drink lots of fluid when you have a stone; don't wait to go to the er if you have a fever.
Dr. Donald McCarren
Neurology 37 years experience
Make: Make sure to find out what kind of stone you have if you can capture it and drink lots of water.
Dr. Marlis Gonzalez fernandez
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 14 years experience
Ask: Ask you doctor what the stones were made of so you can determine what to do for preventing new ones.
Dr. Marlis Gonzalez fernandez
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 14 years experience
Drink: Drink plenty of water to prevent new stones (unless you have a medical reason not to).
Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
Pain Management 30 years experience
Depends: Treatment depends on type. Send stone to a lab to find out.
Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
Pain Management 30 years experience
Don't: Don't allow yourself to get dehydrated. Do replenish fluids lost as you lose them, not just after.
Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
Pain Management 30 years experience
Print: Print list of things to avoid, and things to do, and stick with it for a long time. Be patient.
Dr. Madhu Kandarpa
Nephrology and Dialysis 10 years experience
Drinking: Drinking water about 2l a day helps to lower risk of kidney stones unless there is a reason not to.
Dr. Madhu Kandarpa
Nephrology and Dialysis 10 years experience
Drinking: Drinking 2 liters of water a day and low salt diet helps to lower risk of kidney stones.
Dr. James Krick
Urology 37 years experience
There: There are different types of stones. Treatment options can be dictated by stone composition.
Dr. Matthew Lublin
Surgery 26 years experience
Hydrate: Hydrate - hydrate - hydrate - make sure you always drink plenty of water.
Dr. Michael Ginsburg
Interventional Radiology 13 years experience
Fluid intake & Diet: The first step in prevention is to understand what's causing the stones to form. Once the type of stone is identified, special modifications in eating, diet, nutrition & meds can prevent kidney stones. Drinking enough fluids each day is the best way to prevent most types of kidney stones. Based on a type of stone changes in sodium, animal protein, calcium, alcohol and oxalate consumed can help.
Dr. Bahman Omrani
Pain Management 18 years experience
Catch: Catch the stone when you can. Your doctor can have it analyzed to see which kind of stone you have.
Dr. Irina Kovatch
Surgery 15 years experience
Drink: Drink a lot of fluids, as stones tend to precipitate in concentrated urine.
Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
Pain Management 30 years experience
Hydration.: Hydration. Hydration. Hydration. If you don't like to drink water, consider adding flavor enhancer.
Dr. Joe Littlejohn
Urology 27 years experience
Be: Be careful regarding tips from friends regarding stones. Few tips are effective for all stone types.
Dr. Joe Littlejohn
Urology 27 years experience
If: If you've had more than one stone event within a 10 year period, then seek a stone-risk work-up.
Dr. Hashmat Rajput
Internal Medicine 40 years experience
Drink: Drink 8-10 glasses of water. It flushes kidneys and prevents stone. Water is good for you, not soda.
Dr. Antoanella Calame
Pathology 20 years experience
Drink: Drink plenty of water and see if a doctor can prescribe any pain medications.
Dr. Antoanella Calame
Pathology 20 years experience
Drink: Drink plenty of water and see a doctor so that he can prescribe any medications for pain.
Dr. Thomas Wright
Phlebology 30 years experience
Exercise: Exercise reduces the occurrence of kidney stones.
Dr. Joe Littlejohn
Urology 27 years experience
If: If you've had more than 1 stone within a 10 yr period, ask your urologist to do a metabolic work-up.
Dr. Thomas Wright
Phlebology 30 years experience
To: To added sodium in your diet say....Na! [pronounced nah] instead say k to potassium!
Dr. Harold Peltan
Ophthalmology 29 years experience
Stay: Stay hydrated! it can help prevent new stones from forming.
Dr. Harold Peltan
Ophthalmology 29 years experience
Drinking: Drinking extra water can sometimes help flush a kidney stone through.
Dr. Harold Peltan
Ophthalmology 29 years experience
Catching: Catching the stone in a strainer basket can allow the doctor to analyze the type of stone.
Dr. Harold Peltan
Ophthalmology 29 years experience
Avoid: Avoid caffeine and alcohol to help prevent dehydration that leads to kidney stone formation.
Dr. Harold Peltan
Ophthalmology 29 years experience
Do: Do drink as much water as your doctor advises.
Dr. Harold Peltan
Ophthalmology 29 years experience
Myth:: It's a myth that: kidney stones never reoccur.
Dr. Peter Ihle
Orthopedic Surgery 55 years experience
Urologist,: Urologist, ultrasonic removal. Dye studies 2 see if in ureters may pass, cystoscopy 2 remove some.
Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
Pain Management 30 years experience
Enough: Enough of that tea. No more of that coffee. I know you like the taste of them. Now isn't the time.
Dr. Robert Donato
Urology 26 years experience
No: No matter the stone, drinking 80-100 oz of water a day helps to reduce the risk of recurrence.
Dr. Zahid Niazi
Cosmetic Surgery 40 years experience
Trim: Trim oxalates from diet sip water, not soda or coffee use natural sweeteners. May prevent stones.
Dr. Jovita Anyanwu
Internal Medicine 31 years experience
Check: Check you parathyroid if elevated your will make lots of stone.
Dr. Caroline Cribari
Psychiatry 24 years experience
Drink: Drink lots of water and lithotripsy whenever indicated! communicate with your doctor!
Dr. Caroline Cribari
Psychiatry 24 years experience
Hydration,: Hydration, high water fluids, limit salt intake, and lithothripsy (shockwave trt) when indicated.
Dr. Caroline Cribari
Psychiatry 24 years experience
Take: Take calcium citrate as your calcium supplement rather than calcium carbonate.
Dr. Caroline Cribari
Psychiatry 24 years experience
DRINK: Drink lots of water (80-100oz water/day sip, sip, sip all through the day).
Dr. Joe Golowa
20 years experience
Drink: Drink lots if fluids. Stay hydrated especially if in a warm climate. Keep count of how much drinking.
Dr. Pavel Conovalciuc
Family Medicine 24 years experience
Do: Do drink enough water to put out at least 1/2 gallon of urine. Don't drink sodas of any kind.
Dr. Ana Adelstein
Clinical Psychology 28 years experience
Always: Always stay well hydrated & learn about, follow best diet for you, based on your type of stone.
Dr. Payam Mehranpour
Internal Medicine - Cardiology 24 years experience
Drinking: Drinking plenty of fluids may help.
Dr. Matthew Wosnitzer
Urology 16 years experience
Hydration: Hydration (lots of water), citrus juice, and if severe pain, nausea, vomiting, or fever, go to er.
Dr. Matthew Wosnitzer
Urology 16 years experience
Hydration: Hydration (lots of water), citrus juice, and if vomiting, severe pain, or fever >100.4, go to er.
Dr. Matthew Wosnitzer
Urology 16 years experience
Hydration: Hydration (lots of water), citrus juices, and if severe pain, vomiting, or fever, go to er.
Dr. Marsha Davis
Internal Medicine 29 years experience
Be: Be meticulous with your diet if you have been given one.
Dr. Su Fairchild
Integrative Medicine 25 years experience
Magnesium: Magnesium citrate can help prevent calcium oxalate kidney stones.
Dr. Su Fairchild
Integrative Medicine 25 years experience
Magnesium: Magnesium citrate can help prevent calcium oxalate kidney stones from forming.
Dr. Alfred Parkhill Hand
Radiology 22 years experience
Water,: Water, water, water! stones form faster when the urine is concentrated.
Dr. John Michalski
Orthopedic Surgery 37 years experience
Do: Do stay hydrated with water, not soda pop.
Dr. John Michalski
Orthopedic Surgery 37 years experience
Ultrasound: Ultrasound treatment is safer than surgery.
Dr. Mohammed Parvez
Internal Medicine 15 years experience
If: If you are having terrible pain or blood in urine, then go to er immediately.
Dr. Mahmoud Shoib
Internal Medicine 14 years experience
With: With most types of stones, keeping yourself well hydrated can help prevent another stone.
Dr. John Michalski
Orthopedic Surgery 37 years experience
Stay: Stay hydrated and avoid excess soda pop.
Dr. Matthew Wosnitzer
Urology 16 years experience
Hydration: Hydration and citrus juice help prevent; if have more than 1, need full evaluation for the cause.
Dr. Marsha Davis
Internal Medicine 29 years experience
Do: Do try to find out what kind is stones you have and if there are dietary restrictions or meds to hel.
Dr. Marsha Davis
Internal Medicine 29 years experience
Some: Some pass with hydration, some can be grabbed by a urologist upthe ureter then scented, lithotripsy.
Dr. Marsha Davis
Internal Medicine 29 years experience
Stay: Stay hydrated and if advised take prescribed meds and follow diet if given one.
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Drink: Drink much liquid, find cause of the stones, limit narcotic analgesics, if fever see doctor asap.
Dr. Ryan Phasouk
Family Medicine 19 years experience
If: If you pass a kidney stone, don't throw it out! keep it for your doctor to analyze!
Dr. Gebrehana Zebro (formerly Woldegiorgis)
Internal Medicine 33 years experience
Drink: Drink plenty of flood , avoid food or medication that contain citrate
Dr. David Fink
Family Medicine 40 years experience
It: It depends on the kind of stone, but always drink lots of fluids (64 oz), see doctor if passing one.
Dr. Charles Foulks
47 years experience
Drink: Drink so much water that a glass of water is indistinguishable from a glass of your urine.
Dr. Charles Foulks
47 years experience
Watch: Watch your protein intake. It should be about 3/4 gram per kilogram body weight/day.
Dr. Charles Foulks
47 years experience
Do: Do drink lots of fluid. Don't eat a high salt diet. Do have good fiber intake.
Dr. Charles Foulks
47 years experience
Every: Every time you urinate, drink 10-12 ounces of water.
Dr. Charles Foulks
47 years experience
Most: Most kidney stones are dietary in origin and are related to high protein and salt intake.
Dr. Peter Ihle
Orthopedic Surgery 55 years experience
No: No trick, some people have them & people with the same lifestyle don't.
Dr. Richard Sarle
Urology 23 years experience
Kidney: Kidney stone prevention: 1. Drink at least 2 liters of water per day: has to be water. 2.Low salt.
Dr. Richard Sarle
Urology 23 years experience
Most: Myth: most stones can be dissolved. Fact: it's not true! most stones cannot be dissolved!
Dr. Caroline Cribari
Psychiatry 24 years experience
Drink: Drink water, water, water! 80-100oz/water per day.
Dr. Ivan Ip
Dr. Ivan Ipanswered
14 years experience
Drink: Drink plenty of fluids, at least 1.5 l a day.
Dr. Madhu Kandarpa
Nephrology and Dialysis 10 years experience
Plenty: Plenty of water and low salt diet.
Dr. David Trettin
Orthopedic Surgery 34 years experience
If: If u have a kidney stone that is painful( often are)... See a board certified urologist.
Dr. Raj Singh
Internal Medicine 12 years experience
fluids: Fluids to prevent kidney stones. Bad: any soda good: water, orange juice, coffee.
Dr. Jane Steiner
Psychiatry 44 years experience
Drink: Drink non-caffeinated drinks. Water, de-caffeinated tea or coffee, juices are all good.
Dr. Jane Steiner
Psychiatry 44 years experience
Anytime: Anytime you drink a cup of caffeinated tea or coffee, have a glass of water of the same size.
Dr. Jane Steiner
Psychiatry 44 years experience
Anytime: Anytime you drink an alcoholic beverage( which tends to dehydrate you), have a glass of water.
Dr. Raj Singh
Internal Medicine 12 years experience
fluids: Fluids to prevent kidney stones. Bad: any soda good: water, orange juice, coffee.
Dr. Weber Chuang
Urology 26 years experience
Daily: Daily of water intake of 2.5 - 3 liters daily can reduce the incident of all stone types.
Dr. Joseph Woods
Pathology 29 years experience
Drinking: Drinking a healthy amount of water per day (6 to 8 glasses) goes a long way toward preventing stones.
Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Pathology 50 years experience
Hydration.: Hydration. Drink plenty of water to keep urine dilute.
Dr. Joel Doyon
Dentistry - Cosmetic 37 years experience
Ignore: Keep hydrated. Drink lots of water to flush out the excess salts from your body.
Dr. George Klauber
Specializes in Pediatric Urology
Ignore: Avoid dehydration by drinking lots of water. Reduce salt intake to minimum. Read food labels 4 salt.
Dr. Norman Sudduth
Nuclear Medicine 60 years experience
Ignore: Proper diet based on stone analysis is everything!
Dr. Lori Wagner
Internal Medicine 28 years experience
Ignore: "lots of fluids" can keep stones from forming by diluting the "substrate" that makes the stone.
Dr. Clarence Lyons
Family Medicine 21 years experience
Ignore: Drink water all through the day and watch about calcium supplements.
Dr. Anatoly Belilovsky
Pediatrics 36 years experience
Ignore: Water is always good. Food choice and meds depend on type of stones.
Dr. Clarence Lyons
Family Medicine 21 years experience
Ignore: Avoid calcium supplements and drink plenty of water.
Dr. Pamela Asseff
Dentistry 29 years experience
Ignore: Keep hydrated. Drinking enough water is one if the best ways to avoid forming a kidney stone.
Dr. Pamela Asseff
Dentistry 29 years experience
Ignore: Try a low sodium diet along with drinking plenty if water to reduce kidney stone formation.
Dr. Pamela Asseff
Dentistry 29 years experience
Ignore: Drinking cranberry juice does not keep you from forming a kidney stone.
Dr. George Klauber
Specializes in Pediatric Urology
Ignore: Drink lots of water all day ; eliminate as much salt as possible from diet to prevent new stones.
Dr. Martin Fried
Nutrition 37 years experience
Ignore: Drink plenty of fluids to prevent the formation of future stones. ( at least a gallon a day).
Dr. Warren Strudwick
Sports Medicine 31 years experience
Ignore: Drink water, manage the pain. Wait for them it pass. Follow your doctors orders.
Dr. Pamela Asseff
Dentistry 29 years experience
Ignore: Drink a lot of water. Try a low sodium diet. These tips help significantly.
Dr. Pamela Asseff
Dentistry 29 years experience
Ignore: Sometimes taking a medication for prostate issues helps dilate the ureter and allow a stone to pass.
Dr. Pamela Asseff
Dentistry 29 years experience
Ignore: See a urologist and nephrologist. The nephrologist can help identify the why you get kidney stones.
Dr. Robert Kent
Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine 13 years experience
Ignore: Ask your physician if ketorolac would be right for you, treats pain and helps ureter relaxation.
Dr. Martin Fried
Nutrition 37 years experience
Ignore: Drink plenty of water to prevent other stone formation.
Dr. Ravi Chauhan
Urology 23 years experience
Ignore: Increase fluid intake to 96oz/day, preferably water.
Dr. Tarek Naguib
Nephrology and Dialysis 41 years experience
Ignore: Drink 2.5 liters of liquid daily, more in summer, citrus drinks or water. Cut dairy ; calcium pills.
Dr. Darren Mack
Urology 13 years experience
Ignore: Stay hydrated and avoid sugary caffeinated sodas or coffee. Get a workup to know underlying cause.
Dr. Stephen Chinn
Urology 39 years experience
Ignore: "hydration" for uop of at least 2 qts/24 hrs, less ("no") added salt, some vit d, nothing to excess.
Dr. Jack Rubin
Nephrology and Dialysis 49 years experience
Ignore: Ask your doctor if the cause of your kidney stones can be treated to prevent them from developing.
Dr. Jason Kline
Nephrology and Dialysis 20 years experience
Ignore: Drink at least 2 liters water daily. Avoid excessive salt and protein consumption.

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