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Dr. Martin Raff

Infectious Disease
louisville, KY
57 years experience male

Locations

Office

About

Bio

Retired from the University of Louisville School of Medicine where I began a Division of Infectious Diseases in 1971, but continue to teach on a voluntary basis. Gave up clinical consultative practice on January 11, 2011 and spend time with family and hobbies, including oil painting, stamp collecting and travel.

Specialties
Doctors may have more than one area of specialty interest. Board certification in a specialty area means the doctor has completed formal training and has practice experience in that specialty, and has passed the certification examination from the corresponding accredited medical specialty board.

Infectious Disease

Doctor Q&A

11K Answers
13K Agrees
The number of answers this doctor has agreed with.
A 28-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Viral infection: There are several diseases due to viruses that can produce symptoms that persist for months. This includes infectious mononucleosis, dengue, chikungun... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Pharmacist: We cannot recommend specific products, but there are numerous ones available. Your friendly pharmacist will help you out. Hope this clears up soon.
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 22-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Sildenafil: This product is meant for use in men with erectile dysfunction. If you are otherwise normal would not recommend that you be taking this, since side ef... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 17-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Cystoscopy: You may have had damage to your bladder, and perhaps even perforation. Go back and see the urologist and make sure they know all your symptoms and exa... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 32-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Anything possible: Without seeing and examining you it is not possible to respond intelligently to the question. If the bleeding continues however would definitely recom... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 40-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Neti-pot: Saline irrigation is often a valuable addition to the therapeutic regimen for sinus infection, as can be nasal steroids, along with a decongestant lik... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Pyelonephritis: If you think that you may have an acute kidney infection you should go immediately to an ER and be checked. This is called acute pyelonephritis and ma... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 22-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Bowel problems: This may be irritable bowel syndrome, but there are so many other possibilities that this cannot be diagnosed without a full evaluation. See a gastroe... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Influenza: Absolutely. The influenza vaccine is not 100% effective, but very much so and will provide protection from a potentially deadly viral infection at lit... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 28-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Dizzy: This can either mean you feel light-headed or you have vertigo. The first is more common and may be related to positions (othostasis) and hydration d... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 24-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
See a doctor: This sounds as if you may be severely ill if this is due to low platelets or capillary fragility. You should be seen by your doctor and fully evaluate... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 32-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Fever: Give this a day or two. If the fever persists, becomes higher or your daughter experiences new symptoms then go back and have the doctor see her. Best... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 29-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Bacterial vaginosis: Bacterial vaginosis is most effectively treated with antibiotics There are no effective home remedies that can treat the condition, although sometimes... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 35-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Pharyngitis/tonsilit: This is either not due to bacterial infection or, less likely, you are infected with an organism resistant to these antibiotics. Suspect you might hav... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Lab data: You would have to ask the laboratory to be certain, but the impression is that they are simply stating that bacteria are present, which is not surpri... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 27-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Antibiotic/pregnancy: This depends upon which antibiotic. Penicillins and cephalosporins are likely to be quite safe, but you do not want to be on tetracyclines, fluorinate... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Choice of specialty: You need to discuss this with the rheumatologist since they know far more info than you have provided here. It sounds as if the rheumatologist may fee... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 22-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Sore throat: This could be infection (viral vs. Strep most likely), allergy, dryness from mouth breathing, and a few other things. If nothing else is going on you ... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A member asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Irregular menses: Any time there is a disturbance in your hormones due to infection, anxiety and other factors your periods may be altered. The brown discharge sounds l... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 25-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Rabies: The mechanism of transmission you asked about is very unlikely. The most common method is by the transfer of infected saliva by the bite of a rabid an... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 20-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Sore throat: If due to Streptococcus pyogenes then therapy given in the first 2 days may help to modulate symptoms, but most treatment of this is to prevent the la... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 31-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Lymphadenopathy: The doctor examining you is in the best position to make these decisions. Lymph nodes enlarge when they are doing what they are there for, fighting in... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 38-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Infection: This may be influenza, but without seeing you and testing there is no way to diagnose. See a doctor, particularly if there is trouble breathing, and d... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 24-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
No problem: There are no significant drug interactions between doxycycline and these HIV medications.
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 26-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Menses: Delay or missed periods can occur with a wide variety of situations, and is quite normal. Your labial irritation could be due either to the prior infl... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 38-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Dyspnea: If you are having difficulty breathing you should definitely go and be evaluated by a doctor. Hope this helps.
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 28-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
HPV vaccine: HPV vaccines are given as a series of three shots over 6 months to protect against HPV infection and the health problems that HPV infection can cause.... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Inflammation: The tissues lining the bronchi (tubes leading from the trachea into the lung in smaller and smaller radicals) are grossly inflamed by the infection, o... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 24-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
GI issues: This needs a detailed investigation. You may have a problem involving intermittent bowel obstruction, chronic infection, or some other issue. You shou... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A member asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Pregnant?: You do not ask a question, but assume that you are concerned about pregnancy. This scenario does not make pregnancy likely. You do not say if you have... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 22-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Sore throat: Difficult to know what is going on without further history and physical exam. It sounds superficially as if you may have a mild viral infection. If it... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 29-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
HIV: To acquire HIV infection in the manner you describe would be virtually impossible unless she was bleeding onto your broken skin. The test you describ... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Skin lesion: Any time that you have a skin lesion about which you are concerned it should be examined by a doctor to be sure there is no concern about melanoma.
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Discuss w GF: If there is a possible pregnancy in the future you and she might want to consider Plan B unless it is too late. You both need to discuss this at lengt... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 23-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Labial ulcer: The potential for other STD lesions is present but far less common. Friction during sex would suggest you are not sufficiently lubricated and you migh... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 26-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
BV: This depends upon the particular individual and their immune status, duration of the BV, efficacy of the treatment chosen. Generally you should be see... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 23-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Vaginal culture: These cultures are designed to isolate an organism from the vagina which may be the cause of an infection. There are are a variety of organisms which ... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 30-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Bacterial viability: This varies dramatically with the particular organism. Clostridium or Bacillus species may survive for years because they form spores, whereas some ba... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 28-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Yeast infection: Thrush, to be specific, is an oral infection with yeast. If you have a yeast infection (vulvovaginitis) there are several OTC preparations which may b... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 27-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
See a dentist: If your teeth are not the source of this (often due to disease of the gums), a search for the source (sinus infection, esophageal diverticulus, tonsil... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 27-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Late menses: Any form of stress or inflammation can alter your menstrual cycle, assuming that you are not pregnant. Not unusual for this to occur if you are taking... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 23-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Rabies: For vaccination against rabies you need a course of 3 to 5 injections. After this course, most people produce enough antibodies against rabies. Howeve... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Abdominal discomfort: There are too many possibilities to even begin to speculate without more information and a full medical evaluation. Since this has been in progress fo... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 20-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Enteroviruses: There are numerous different enteroviruses (poliomyelitis, Coxsackie, etc.) Enterovirus 68, is similar to the rhinovirus that causes the common cold, ... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 20-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Metronidazole: It is always possible to get secondary yeast infections with any antibiotic therapy, but would hold off on using fluconazole until the infection appea... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 21-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Headache: This could be tension, atypical migraine, other. Go and see your PCP and be evaluated. Best wishes.
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 62-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Laryngitis: Flovent is an inhaled steroid designed to reduce the outbreaks of asthma (not to treat acute asthma). Laryngitis is often the result of viral infectio... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 28-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Menses irregular: Menstrual irregularities can occur due to numerous things that alter hormonal balances, such as GI infection for one. If your period is only 7 days la... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A 41-year-old female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Probably not: This is a common area for nodes to enlarge because it drains from some fairly dirty sites. If you have no other symptoms would not be overly concerned... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
A female asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 57 years experience
Pregnant: This is very unlikely. If you had your period you are not pregnant and not likely to get that way unless your fiance has had a spontaneous reversal or... Read More
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.

Testimonials
Recommendations and Thank you notes are endorsements given from patients or other doctors.

58
Recommendations
10K
Thank you notes
Dr. James Lin
May 11, 2014
I like & admire Dr. Raff's stock of passion & compassion, wealth of specialty knowledge, and keen instinct to conjecture useful solutions beyond available facts... So, I recommend her to anyone needin...Read More
Jul 19, 2014
Excellent well thought out answers. An excellent resource for patients and an asset to healthtap. Anybody who takes their personal time, to answer patient questions and does so without anything in ret...Read More
Nov 1, 2013
Dr. Raff provides a tremendous service to patients with his expertise and caring manner. He is certainly my go-to source when I need expert opinion, and I've learned a great deal from reading his answ...Read More
HealthTap member
This was very helpful. Thanks! COMMENT: The findings are non-specific. Fragments of bone and marrow are seen in both specimens. There is also a large detached fragment of squamous epithelium present i...Read More
HealthTap member
Thank you Dr. Raff. I have had the MMR. My endodontist has agreed to take a look. Nystatin did work before for similar tongue syndrome that cropped up when abscess originally appeared 6 months ago, th...Read More
HealthTap member
I have been waiting to see him. He saw me in the hospital and asked me some questions, now I just need to get in to see him. The surgeon went over the sterilization records for the equipment, but see...Read More

Education & Training

Medical/Graduate school

University of Texas Medical Branch School of Medicine, TX
Graduated 1965MD

Residency

The New York Hospital CUMC

Awards

Not enough
Top Doctor, First Place, Kentucky - Winter
2013
Most Influential, First Place, Kentucky - Winter
2013
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