A 48-year-old member asked:
Are congenital defects the same as birth defects?
1 doctor answer
Dr. Pam Yoder answered
Specializes in Maternal-Fetal Medicine
Yes: Here is a primer on the terms congenital refers to being present at birth. Anomalies, abnormalities, defects are often used interchangeably. Not all are genetic or familial. Malformation and deformation mean different things. Malformation is an anomaly due to abnormal formation of a structure. Deformation is a change in a structure due to forces like pressure, eg, in cases of low amniotic fluid.
Answered on May 29, 2014
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