A female asked:

Hi, can you please tell me what this means? it is from a throat biopsy of a smoker mild squamous dysplasia with hyperkeratosis and parakeratosis

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Mohammad Khan
Pediatrics 32 years experience
Abnormal cells: it means cells of that area were abnormal and had excess amount of keratin ( a substance present in the cells during the process of maturation) This is not cancer but it may become cancer in future
Created for people with ongoing healthcare needs but benefits everyone.
Last updated Dec 5, 2014
Connect with a U.S. board-certified doctor by text or video anytime, anywhere.
$44 video appointments with $19/month membership*
*Billed $57 every 3 months. Cancel anytime.


Content on HealthTap (including answers) should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment, and interactions on HealthTap do not create a doctor-patient relationship. Never disregard or delay professional medical advice in person because of anything on HealthTap. Call your doctor or 911 if you think you may have a medical emergency.