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A 40-year-old member asked:

when does your cd4 decrease if you have hiv?

1 doctor answer4 doctors weighed in
Dr. David Rosenthal
Allergy and Immunology 21 years experience
See HIV Specialist: If your CD4 count is decreasing, then you are having decreasing immune function. This typically occurs if one is not taking medication to treat HIV completely or at all. I highly recommend all patients with HIV see an HIV specialist and obtain an individualized treatment plan that takes many factors into consideration that the HIV specialist will discuss with you.

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CA
A 39-year-old member asked:

Can I get HIV in other ways besides sexual intercourse?

2 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Daniel Lee
Internal Medicine 26 years experience
Yes, several ways: The most common way to get HIV is thru unprotected sexual intercourse. However, other ways include sharing hiv-infected needles (often associated with using illegal injection drugs, rarely with tattooing but possible), receiving infected blood transfusions or blood products (though the blood supply is screened thoroughly these days), and passing HIV from mother to child thru breastfeeding.
Dr. Martin Raff
Dr. Martin Raff commented
Infectious Disease 56 years experience
Oral sex in which ejaculate from the penis is deposited on structures behind the oral cavity. The tonsils, lymph nodes in the throat, and other such areas upon which HIV may be deposited has been shown to be a source of disease.
Jan 17, 2013
A 22-year-old member asked:

Can HIV increase my chances of cancer?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Carlo Contreras
A Verified Doctoranswered
A US doctor answeredLearn more
Potentially: Poorly controlled HIV results in a condition where your own immune system is not capable of fighting off even common viruses and bacteria. Part of the normal function of the immune system is to kill cancerous cells in the body. So yes, HIV can increase your change of cancer in the long-term.
A 30-year-old member asked:

How does pml affect people with hiv?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Anthony Mosley
Neurology 24 years experience
Poor prognosis: Pml is an infection of the brain by the jc virus, that usually only occurs if the immune system is very compromised (full blown aids, on transplant meds or some other meds). It causes brain damage and is usually fatal within a year when it does occur in aids.
A 40-year-old member asked:

When does your CD4 start to decrease if hiv?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 56 years experience
Varies: This is difficult to predict. In most individuals there is a gradual fall in CD4 counts from onset of disease over about an 8-12 year course until it becomes so low that the immune deficiencies manifest in susceptibility to opportunist pathogens (organisms which would otherwise not produce disease in normal humans). In some people the disease may progress for 20+ yrs very slowly.
A 48-year-old member asked:

Is it safe to live with an HIV positive family member?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joel Gallant
Infectious Disease 36 years experience
Yes: You don't get HIV from living with someone with hiv, only from sex. Close contact is not a risk.

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Last updated Feb 13, 2015

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