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A 26-year-old member asked:

what is hypertension?

21 doctor answers34 doctors weighed in
Dr. Jason Campbell
Family Medicine 16 years experience
Elevated BP: Hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 140/90 (either value). Normal BP is considered 120/80 with pre-hypertension as 120-140/80-90. For pre-hypertension recommendations include improved diet (low salt) and exercise with consideration of an anti-hypertensive medication. Hypertension can lead to problems such as heart attack and stroke and usually does not cause any symptoms.
Dr. Howard Rubin
Cardiology 47 years experience
Hypertension: Defined as blood pressure over 140/90.
Dr. Chan Hwang
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 27 years experience
Persistent elevation: of resting BP above 140/90 is what most doctors use to define hypertension. We usually require three readings at three different dates before diagnosing the disorder.
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
I use the definition that high blood pressure is a pressure at which or above studies have shown that you are healthier when it is lower than when it is not. This can only be tested by randomized trials.
Nov 8, 2015
Dr. Bennett Werner
Cardiology 44 years experience
High blood pressure: For an adult, a blood pressure of >135 systolic (the top number) or >85 (the bottom number), when taken at rest and averaged over multiple readings at different times, is considered to be high or "hypertensive.".
Dr. Calvin Weisberger
Cardiology 51 years experience
Blood pressure: Hypertension is when the blood pressure exceeds 140/90 mmhg for a significant part of the day. If untreated, these people have an increased incidence of atherosclerotic disease, heart attack, stroke and kidney failure.
Dr. Dan Fisher
Internal Medicine 27 years experience
> 140/90: Blood pressure which is elevated to greater than 140/90 on average is defined as hypertension. Initial treatment is to avoid things that might elevate it such as alcohol and salt and to engage in active diet exercise and wt loss. Next step is to treat with medications if necessary. Some argue that over age 65 blood pressure does not need to be treated unless >150/90.
Dr. Chan Hwang
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 27 years experience
Persistent elevation: of resting BP above 140/90 is what most doctors use to define hypertension. We usually require three readings at three different dates before diagnosing the disorder.
Dr. Nima Yavari
Internal Medicine 16 years experience
It is : elevated blood pressure.
Dr. Yash Khanna
Family Medicine 57 years experience
RaisedPressureArteri: Hypertensin is a chronic medical Condition in which there id increasedPressure in the Arteries.Normal BPat rest is 100 to140 Sytolic and 60 to 100 Diastolic
Dr. Mark Goldman
Specializes in Cardiology
<130/80: The guidelines recently changed. We now want the BP to be <130/80. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you require treatment unless you are considered to be at high risk but lifestyle modification with diet, weight loss, decreased salt intake, treating sleep apnea, etc are recommended.
Dr. Donald Colantino
Internal Medicine 61 years experience
Hypertension: Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. A reading higher than 140/90 is considered hypertension, but 120/80 is considered a desirable blood pressure. 120 refers to the pressure within the arteries when the heart contracts and 80 is the pressure within the arteries when the heart muscle relaxes. A sphygmomanometer is the instrument used to measure blood pressure.
Dr. Charles Turck
Pharmacology 17 years experience
BP > 130/80 mm Hg: Hypertension is when a person’s blood pressure is regularly too high. High blood pressure is defined as greater than 130 systolic (the number above the dash) or 80 diastolic (the number below). Obesity, smoking, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet may contribute to hypertension. Keeping blood pressure below 120/80 is important because it prevents the risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
Dr. Harold Mandel
General Practice 40 years experience
High blood pressure: High blood pressure, which is also referred to as HBP, or hypertension, is when your blood pressure, which is the force of blood flowing through your blood vessels, is consistently too high. When not treated, the damage that high blood pressure may do to your circulatory system is a significant factor which contributes to heart attack, stroke and other health issues.
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
Too high also means an unhealthy level of BP and we know that lowering that unhealthy BP to a healthy level helps you live longer and healthier.
Jun 23, 2020
Dr. Dean Giannone
Internal Medicine 25 years experience
Hypertension. : Hypertension is a condition where in your blood pressure numbers are chronically elevated, which can lead to problems with the heart, blood vessels to the brain, and the kidneys, just to name a few. It is treatable with medication when necessary and with diet and exercise when feasible.
Dr. Dean Giannone
Internal Medicine 25 years experience
Hypertension. : Hypertension is a condition where in your blood pressure numbers are chronically elevated, which can lead to problems with the heart, blood vessels to the brain, and the kidneys, just to name a few. It is treatable with medication when necessary and with diet and exercise when feasible.
Dr.
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High blood pressure: Blood pressure is a measure of how hard your heart is pumping, the accepted normal value is around 120/80. Hypertension is when the blood pressure is high, this can cause increased pressure in places like the kidneys, the heart and the brain and can lead to stoke, kidney failure and heart failure. Go to healthnavigator.org.nz and search under “high blood pressure” there is some great info there.
Dr. Aveshen Govender
Specializes in General Practice
Hypertension : This is a medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. This can lead to both short term and long term complications depending on how high the blood pressure is. Hypertension must be investigated and treated with appropriate medication
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
At your age of 5 the level of BP that is high or unhealthy is related to your age, gender and height. Discuss with you mother and father.
Jul 10, 2020
Dr. Laura Anissian
Internal Medicine 21 years experience
Lifestyle and med: You should evaluate your lifestyle- no smoking, try exercising, decreasing salt intake, sleep well. After these, see your dr. to get evaluated for the need of medication.
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
What do 4 HTN?: Search our files for my answers to this. I cannot seem to find one to recycle. But in short. Repeat readings over a month or so. If + FHx then recommend starting DASH DIET NOW after checking with you team. Get this exact book. SBN: 0-7434-1007-6 eISBN-13: 978-1-43914-059-8. Do chapt 9 exactly. BP will be down about 11/7 in 2 weeks in most. Stay on it if it works.
Dr. Jessica Allan
Internal Medicine 23 years experience
Start Lifestyle Changes: Guidelines on the management of HTN emphasize the importance of calculating and managing the overall cardiovascular risk of a patient. Lose weight to normal BMI, avoid smoking, avoid excessive etoh and other drugs. Monitor and treat for Diabetes and cholesterol. r/o sleep apnea. Exercise, enough sleep, rest, fun. Avoid too much stress.Start by downloading the DASH diet and read it. If on meds take them daily. Work with your doctors . Good luck. It can be managed well!
Dr. David Lipkin
Internal Medicine 52 years experience
See answer: General recommendations are to maintain a health weight with BMI less than 25, exercise regularly, and follow a diet similar to the Dash diet. Laughter, meditation and human touch all reduce blood pressure. One glass of beet juice daily can significantly lower BP. For more information of hypertension, Dash diet go to http://bit.ly/1FuSWTT and http://wb.md/1QyOYKx

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Ususally none: Which is a huge part of the problem. In extreme cases patients will often note headache.
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Not very : Usually it doesn't go away but if you're overweight and lose about 10% of your weight, you may see a significant drop in your bp. If you smoke or drink xs alcohol, changing these habits will also lower bp. For the majority though, once it diagnosed, it tends to require life long treatment for control.

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