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A 40-year-old member asked:

What is the known cause of macular degeneration?

4 doctor answers8 doctors weighed in
Dr. Ari Weitzner
Ophthalmology 34 years experience
God knows: A lot of research being done now. Seems to be a problem with metabolizing the rods and cones which leads to drusen, which affects the barrier to the vascular layer. Many theories out there.
Dr. Peter Francis
Ophthalmology 30 years experience
Multifactorial: Macular degeneration describes a lot of conditions potentially. Some are single gene genetic disorders such as stargardt macular dystrophy. The most common cause is age-related macular degeneration. The condition has a strong genetic association (many genes involved). Other factors such as age, smoking, diet and other health factors contribute to its causation.
Dr. Michael Ham
Ophthalmology 28 years experience
Genetics and age: Macular degeneration is a condition of the aging eye. Most people would get macular degeneration if they lived to be 150 years of age. The macula deteriorates with age and develops / deteriorates sooner in some families than others. Associated factors that can speed the development of macular degeneration are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, uv sunlight exposure.
Dr. Richard Bensinger
Ophthalmology 53 years experience
Unknown: The cause (trigger) for this condition, which is age related, is unknown. We know the effects, have some treatments available, and there is really extensive research in the cause but no positive results so far. A few are inherited but most have no obvious inheritance pattern. This is treated by retinal specialists who should be consulted if you are having problems.

Similar questions

A 44-year-old member asked:

What is macular degeneration? What are the causes of this?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Alan Jackson
Addiction Medicine 31 years experience
Macular degeneration: Is when the layer of cells of the back of the retina do not function well, leaving deposits called drusen mostly in the central vision area, the macula. This is caused by the age ing process, things that can damage the retina cells, ie uv light, and can be related to nutritional deficiencies. This entity is called age related macular degeneration( amd). Risk factors include old age, family histor.
A 39-year-old member asked:

What are the causes of macular degeneration?

4 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Todd Purkiss
Ophthalmology 18 years experience
Number of factors: Macular degeneration (amd) is primarily an age-related disease (age 50+), but there are genetic and environmental factors that contribute to age of onset and severity. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease (stroke, heart attack) are also risk factors for amd. Smoking is the top modifiable risk factor. Of course, there is a lot we still don't understand about amd.
A 40-year-old member asked:

Could macular degeneration cause dizziness?

1 doctor answer4 doctors weighed in
Dr. William Dieck
Ophthalmology 39 years experience
Not usually: Macular degeneration in its advanced state can cause blurring of vision. If the blur is isolated to only one eye, a loss of depth perception could theoretically cause a dizzy sensation.
A 36-year-old member asked:

Is macular degeneration caused by trauma?

4 doctor answers6 doctors weighed in
Dr. David Kira
Ophthalmology 22 years experience
No: Trauma can cause retinal macular trauma such as choroidal rupture, hemorrhage and detachment. Macular degeneration in the traditional sense is caused by aging.

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Last updated Feb 9, 2020


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