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How long does hiv virus live outside a human being

A 40-year-old member asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
55 years experience in Infectious Disease
Not long: Viruses are critters which live inside cells and must have nutrients of a cell to remain alive. Most will die rapidly after leaving the body unless r ... Read More

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A 54-year-old member asked:
Dr. Yash Khanna
56 years experience in Family Medicine
Within few hours: Cdc has conducted many studies on HIV concentrations outside the body, when these are dried, the virus is reduced by 90to99% over several hours, these ... Read More
A 32-year-old male asked:
Dr. Liawaty Ho
22 years experience in Hematology and Oncology
HIV virus: Hiv is extremely sensitive to fluctuations in temperature.Outside of the human body, the virus dies within minutes. The one place that HIV has been sh ... Read More
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A 33-year-old male asked:
Dr. Robert Killian
27 years experience in General Practice
It doesn't: It doesn't survive. There is no transmission of HIV in this scenario at all. There are other viruses such as hepatitis c or hepatitis b. But, HIV doe ... Read More
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A 53-year-old member asked:
Dr. Jeffrey Gene Kaplan
51 years experience in Pediatrics
NoroV Contagion: Whereas the symptoms usually begin 12 to 48 hours after ingesting the virus, there is no evidence that sick persons can become long-term carriers of t ... Read More
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A 43-year-old member asked:
Dr. Ryan Phasouk
17 years experience in Family Medicine
Tough to say: It is generally accepted that the virus that causes herpes simplex does not live outside of the human body long enough to be cause fomite transmission ... Read More
A 49-year-old member asked:
Dr. Alberto Sobrado
38 years experience in Internal Medicine
Only few minutes: It depends on the temperature and the conditions. Most of the time it needs body fluids or very direct contact ( air born).
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A 33-year-old member asked:
Dr. Howard Hack
32 years experience in Internal Medicine
Days: It is thought hepatitis b can survive about a week outside the body and hepatitis C 1-4 days. The viruses can live longer in wet/fluid environments.
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A 54-year-old member asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
55 years experience in Infectious Disease
Varies: It depends upon physical factors like how rapidly the semen dries, the temperature, where the semen is deposited, etc. This virus seldom survives lon ... Read More
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A member asked:
Dr. Dominic Riganotti
24 years experience in Infectious Disease
A few hours: Although HIV can survive outside the body for a few hours in certain bodily fluids, it cannot function when dry. The virus cannot infect some one unle ... Read More
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A 28-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
55 years experience in Infectious Disease
HIV: This is complicated. The virus is capable of surviving several hours outside the body, but only inside of living cells. Drying of secretions containin ... Read More
A 56-year-old male asked:
Dr. Dominic Riganotti
24 years experience in Infectious Disease
A few hours: Although HIV can survive outside the body for a few hours in certain bodily fluids, it cannot function when dry. The virus cannot infect some one unle ... Read More
A 37-year-old male asked:
Dr. Robert Killian
27 years experience in General Practice
It doesn't: HIV does not survive outside of the body. It is not ever caught by touching it or any other thing it is in or on. Millions of humans have now survived ... Read More
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A 34-year-old female asked:
Dr. David Sneid
40 years experience in Endocrinology
Yes: It is possible to be infected with HIV from any bodily secretions. Blood and unprotected sex are most common. Avoid unprotected sex and blood products ... Read More
A 56-year-old member asked:
Dr. Addagada Rao
55 years experience in General Surgery
Generally do not: Live or proliferate out side the body , possible may stay dormant for long time like any other virus.
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A 33-year-old male asked:
Dr. Edward Workman
Specializes in Pain Management
Depends on moisture: HIV is a fragile virus. It needs moisture and warmth to survive. If the scratch from an HIV + person is new and has flowing blood then it is infecti ... Read More
A 56-year-old member asked:
Dr. Ahmad M Hadied
48 years experience in Orthopedic Surgery
It depends: Hsv virus is easily inactivated by exposure to ph <4, temperatures >56°c for 30 min, pasteurization (60°c for 10 h), and microwave heating for 4 ... Read More
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A 55-year-old member asked:
Dr. Joel Gallant
35 years experience in Infectious Disease
Who cares?: It doesn't matter, because no one gets HIV infection from sheets. They get it from what goes on beneath the sheets.
A 41-year-old member asked:
Dr. Joel Gallant
35 years experience in Infectious Disease
Depends: It depends on what you mean by dormant. Blood tests are generally positive within a few weeks of infection, and many people develop temporary symptom ... Read More
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A 34-year-old female asked:
Dr. Myron Arlen
63 years experience in Surgical Oncology
Probably days: Infection is largely latent in B cells, neoplastic KS spindle cells, and some atypical endothelial cells in KS. Lytic infection occurs in
A 29-year-old female asked:
Dr. Justin Nelson
15 years experience in Pediatric Dentistry
Ranges: This ranges from 16hrs to 7 days depending on which type (A, B, C) of hepatitis
A 34-year-old female asked:
Dr. Lonna Larsh
29 years experience in Family Medicine
Up to 3 - 4 hours: It's possible, but not super likely. You have to have a pretty large quantity of virus hanging out on the inanimate object (say for instance a straw), ... Read More
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A 38-year-old member asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
55 years experience in Infectious Disease
HIV: This is a fragile virus. Even when contained in a body fluid drying will diminish the viral concentration by 99% within several hours. Heat and cold ... Read More
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A 49-year-old member asked:
Dr. Martin Raff
55 years experience in Infectious Disease
Good question: The HIV test to which you refer is an ELISA assay which is quite sensitive but not as specific as the confirmatory western blot. These measure the pr ... Read More
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A 28-year-old male asked:
Dr. Gurmukh Singh
48 years experience in Pathology
Wrong assumption!: HIV virus can survive for weeks, outside the body, depending on the composition of the fluid containing the virus and ambient temperature. The infecti ... Read More

90,000 U.S. doctors in 147 specialties are here to answer your questions or offer you advice, prescriptions, and more. Get help now:

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Personalized answers
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Talk to a doctor
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