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A 32-year-old member asked:

are there effective meds to dissolve and keep away gallstones?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Vijay Laxmi Misra
Internal Medicine 22 years experience
Yes: Treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones is cholecystectomy. But in some cases ursodiol can be used to prevent or dissolve very small stones.

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A 21-year-old member asked:

Are there tips to reduce gallstones?

2 doctor answers8 doctors weighed in
Dr. Meenakshl Aggarwal
Family Medicine 22 years experience
Eat a healthy diet: There are various factors associated with the formation of gallstones. Obesity is one of them. To prevent gallstones, you need to maintain a healthy weight, eat healthy diet and exercise regularly. Add more fruits and vegetables in your diet and avoid saturated fats. Increase fiber in your diet and limit the use of sugars. Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water daily.
A 40-year-old member asked:

Who is mostly at risk for gallstones?

2 doctor answers3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Barry Rosen
General Surgery 34 years experience
Heredity, Diet, etc.: If you have a first-degree relative with gallstones, you have a 5-fold increased risk of developing gallstones. The gallstones that we see most commonly in the US are very rare in non-western countries; we believe this has to do with our high (saturated) fat, high-cholesterol diet. Women have a higher risk of gallstones, especially after pregnancy and estrogen use.
A 34-year-old member asked:

Why is it that people do get gallstones?

2 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Michio Abe
Internal Medicine 26 years experience
Not exactly known: Exactly why people get gallstones is not fully known. Ethnicity, older age, female gender, hormone therapy, high fat diet, obesity, rapid weight loss, diabetes, high triglycerides, and lipid-lowering medication can increase your risk. Cholesterol stones form when bile contains too much cholesterol, too much bilirubin, or not enough bile salts, or when the gallbladder does not empty efficiently.
CA
A 38-year-old member asked:

What are gallstones composed of?

2 doctor answers7 doctors weighed in
Dr. Michio Abe
Internal Medicine 26 years experience
Cholesterol, pigment: Gallstones contain variable amounts of bile pigments, cholesterol, calcium salts, and their core usually consists of bile pigments or mucoprotein, which is secreted by the inner lining of the gallbladder. the composition of gallstones is affected by age, diet and ethnicity. On the basis of their composition, gallstones can be divided into cholesterol stones, pigment stones, and mixed stones.
A 33-year-old member asked:

How do gallstones form?

2 doctor answers7 doctors weighed in
Dr. Barry Rosen
General Surgery 34 years experience
Supersaturation!: Bile consists of a mixture of cholesterol, bile pigments, and phospholipids. If any of these increase, they can precipitate out and become solidified, forming stones. This is present in 10-20% of people in the US, although usually "silent". Heredity, diet, and age can all play a role.
Dr. Erik Borncamp
Wound care 25 years experience
think of it like a glass of salty water left out in the sun. As the water evaporates, crystals of salt are left behind. If the balance of salts in bile are thrown off, they precipitate and fall out of solution.
Mar 31, 2013

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Last updated Apr 1, 2012

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