Is intestinal immunity weakened in any way by smoking cigarettes and/or chewing tobacco? what happens specifically (directly and/or indirectly)?
Content on HealthTap (including answers) should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment, and interactions on HealthTap do not create a doctor-patient relationship. Never disregard or delay professional medical advice in person because of anything on HealthTap. Call your doctor or 911 if you think you may have a medical emergency.