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A 19-year-old male asked:

i am a chronic carrier of typhoid since many years. antibiotics fails to cure it as the bacteria form biofilms in body. how to destroy biofilm?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Robert Kwok
Pediatrics 33 years experience
Awaiting discovery: Haven't heard of a way to prevent the formation of typhoid biofilms or to remove them. Research is surely underway to do just that. Biofilms are mixtures of bacteria and their associated polysaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, extracellular DNA, etc., together called extracellular polymeric substances. Biofilms make an infection harder to treat and harder for one's immune system to eradicate.

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Similar questions

A 51-year-old member asked:

How many different heart birth defects are there?

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Dr. Ruben Nazario
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Several: There are several types of heart defects, but doctors usually classify them into several broad categories. Cyanotic defects cause your baby to turn cyanotic, or blue. Obstructive defects block the normal flow of blood through the heart and its associated blood vessels. Septal defects cause "holes" between the heart's chambers. And hypoplastic defects make one side of the heart smaller.
A 40-year-old member asked:

Is it safe to take birth control while taking antibiotics?

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A 29-year-old member asked:

What can I do to prevent bacterial infections?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
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Good hygiene: The best way to prevent bacterial infections, or viral infections, is good hygiene. Wash your hand properly and often. Next come nutrition; your immune system works much better if you give it the proper tools to work with. Next comes sleep; not sleeping properly or enough has been shown to weaken the immune system and increase susceptibility to infections.
Afghanistan
A 21-year-old male asked:

Is it bad if I sometimes feel pain on the right side of my body when I run and sometimes when I walk? Sometimes its on my left side. Is this bad?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Robert Kwok
Pediatrics 33 years experience
Maybe, maybe not: If a person is "out of shape" due to not exercising recently, then getting some muscle aches or cramps with running or walking isn't bad. With stretching, massage, and a gradual increase in exercises, the symptoms should go away. If symptoms persist or are worrisome, a primary care doctor should evaluate to see if there is a disease or disorder that is causing the pains.
Bridgeport, CT
A female asked:

Do I have dry skin or eczema? My body tends to get dry easily. Why is that? And how can I make it better?

1 doctor answer3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Ralph Morgan Lewis
Family Medicine 38 years experience
Doc needs to examine: Many skin conditions are difficult to diagnose without being seen. Some preventive measures: take warm showers (hot ones strip natural oils; baths do likewise); moisturize immediately after shower; if in sun or wind, moisturize & use sunblock; avoid strong soaps/body washes.

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Last updated Nov 1, 2016

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