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A 59-year-old member asked:

What causes kidney stones?

10 doctor answers22 doctors weighed in
Dr. Ed Friedlander
Pathology 45 years experience
Most just happen: Known causes are not drinking plenty of water, too much milk / antacids (rare), kidney infections (proteus bacteria), vitamin d abuse, some genetic tendencies to absorb too much calcium, and more. Your physician will check you for gout, cystinuria, and hyperparathyroidism.
Dr. Madhu Kandarpa
Nephrology and Dialysis 10 years experience
Several: Several theories. Any structural problems in the urinary tract, concentrated urine, infection.
Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Pathology 50 years experience
Multiple issues: Heredity, male sex, low water intake, increased solutes in urine, obesity etc. Check out the site given below for more info. http://www.bing.com/health/article/mayo-mads00282/kidney-stones?q=kidney+stones+causes&qpvt=kidney+stones+causes#causes.
Dr. Rex Mahnensmith
A Verified Doctoranswered
45 years experience
Kidney stones: Stones form because of supersaturation of mineral compounds. Most stones are calcium oxalate. Some are cysteine (Particularly children). Some calcium- phosphate. Some uric acid. Some mixed. Low urine volume and low citrate enable stone crystals. High oxalate, high calcium enable stones. High uric acid also. Diet matters HUGELY. SO DOES DAILY FLUID AND DAILY CITRATE . Some folk require specific RX
Dr. Francisco R. Rodriguez
Urology 10 years experience
Kidney stones: Most kidney stones are produced by a combination of factors: excessive excretion of calcium and possibly uric acid in the urine, combined with dehydration. Most of the time we cannot pinpoint the reason. Parathyroid adenomas and tumors increase the serum calcium and excretion through the kidneys. There are some congenital and genetic diseases that can produce kidney stones. Inmobility from fxs &
Dr. Dean Giannone
Internal Medicine 26 years experience
Metabolic issue.: Kidney stones are initiated by metabolic derangements in the handling of urinary oxalate, uric acid or calcium, for example. These derangements can be hereditary, and they allow for crystals of these substances to form. These crystals serve as a nidus for stone creation.
Dr. Joe Littlejohn
Urology 27 years experience
Nephrolithiasis: There are many different types of stones including calcium oxalate (mono & dihydrate), calcium phosphate, struvite, cystine, indinvir, matrix and uric acid stones, to name a few. Stones of all types are caused by a highly concentrated urine resulting in crystalization and subsequent enucleation. Complete stone risk analysis includes assessing stone composition, specific serum and urine studies.
Dr. inderjit Deol
Pathology 42 years experience
No well known cause.: Kidney stones are hard crystals made of minerals and acidic salt. If prone to have kidney stones, change your life style and dietary habits. Consume enough water for body hydration, limit products that contain oxalate such as, chocolate, black tea, soy cheese, sesame seeds, wheat bran, figs,and blueberry etc. Increase magnesium citrate like brown rice, bananas and avocados etc. Exercise regularly
Dr. James Lin
A Verified Doctoranswered
Urology 52 years experience
Here are some...: Most of stone patients have their inborn derangement in handling acidity of the body including renal tubular acidosis and shortage of stone inhibitor activity in conjunction with GI over-absorption of calcium / oxalate. And a few result from acquired conditions such as hyperparathyroidism, hyperuricemia, or chronic diarrhea, recurrent kidney infection, or drug-related. More detail? Ask Doc.
Dr. Dean Giannone
Internal Medicine 26 years experience
Metabolic issue.: Kidney stones are initiated by metabolic derangements in the handling of urinary oxalate, uric acid or calcium, for example. These derangements can be hereditary, and they allow for crystals of these substances to form. These crystals serve as a nidus for stone creation.

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Similar questions

A 45-year-old member asked:

What is the cause of kidney stones?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Robert Lang
Internal Medicine - Endocrinology 53 years experience
Many causes: In women the most common cause is not drinking enough water. In men, the most common is too much calcium in the urine and there are several causes for this. Find an expert in the metabolic evaluation of kidney stones, usually an endocrinologist, or go to a major medical center with a stone clinic. We can prevent over 90% of recurrences with proper evaluation and treatment of the underlying cause.
Buckeye, AZ
A 44-year-old male asked:

Can kidney stones cause damage to your kidneys?

3 doctor answers7 doctors weighed in
Dr. Stephen Chinn
Urology 39 years experience
If obstructive: Kidney stones can cause renal damage based on obstruction. A small stone residing in the kidney does not injure the kidney. But, if the stone enlarges and blocks the kidney, it can lead to the loss of nephrons.
A 36-year-old member asked:

What is the cause of frequent kidney stones?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Francisco R. Rodriguez
Urology 10 years experience
Kidney stones: Most kidney stone do not have a definite cause, dehydration is common, inmobilization causes calcium loss from bones, kidney filtration defects, hyperfunction of the parathyroid gland, malabsortion from the GI tract, congenital renal defects (renal tubular acidosis, medullary sponge kidneys), gout, drug diamox, (acetazolamide) some diuretics.
A 40-year-old member asked:

What are the causes of kidney stones and how can they be avoided?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. James Krick
Urology 37 years experience
Depends: There are several types of kidney stones and preventative measures are dictated by the composition of the stones. One universally helpful therapy is hydration. Kidney stone formers shoud strive to make 2 liters or more of urine daily. Most people fall far short of this.
A 44-year-old member asked:

Can tea cause kidney stones?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. George Klauber
Specializes in Pediatric Urology
No it doesn't: Water in it good for stone prevention.

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Last updated Mar 30, 2020

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