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A 35-year-old member asked:

how can you empirically treat spinal infections?

2 doctor answers2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Claude Parola
Internal Medicine 40 years experience
Broad spectrum: You have to know what type of bacteria that most like would cause a spinal infection, and the antibiotic that most likely would cover these bacteria(staph aureus , strep pneumoniae, gram negative and possibly anaerobic bacteria), culture should be obtain to identify the specific bacteria that cause the infection then target these bacteria specifically.
Dr. Soren Singel
Neurosurgery 29 years experience
Smart guess: "empirically treat" means taking an educated guess. The scenario you describe means there is an infection but it has not been determined which bug causes it. When there is no precise information on the infectious organism, usually two or three antibiotics are chosen and given to the patient "empirically" to see if there is improvement.

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A 21-year-old member asked:

Who gets stec infections?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Pedro Hernandez
Geriatrics 40 years experience
VTEC:STEC: Anyone can be infected but young children and older people are at risk of severe disease. Hus is more common in children. Stec: stec (also known as vtec) infection can cause serious disease, including bloody diarrhoea, and sometimes haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Infection usually results from consuming contaminated food or water, or from contact with infected animals or people. Avoid eating underco.
A 21-year-old member asked:

How common are stec infections?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Ed Friedlander
Pathology 44 years experience
Quite common: In the usa, maybe 35, 000 cases per year seems to be the popular guesstimate, but most are mild. There are about 1000 hospitalizations and 30 deaths -- these are certain to be diagnosed in the microbiology lab and these numbers should be trustworthy. The risk is real; cook your burgers well.
CA
A 21-year-old member asked:

How are stec infections diagnosed?

2 doctor answers2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Ed Friedlander
Pathology 44 years experience
Routine: All stool samples from patients with severe diarrhea sent to the microbiology lab are plated on media selective for shiga-toxin producing e. Coli, and may be subjected to an enzyme immunoassay when received. Positives go to public health labs that do pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and gene studies for comfirmation.
A 21-year-old member asked:

What are the signs of powassan infection?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Paul Harper
General Surgery 52 years experience
Tick disease: This is a viral infection which can cause encephalitis ( a brain infection). Early signs of powassan usually include headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck, and sleepiness. In later stages, signs such as respiratory distress, tremors, confusion, seizures, coma, paralysis, and sometimes even death can occur. It is a tick borne disease like lyme. There is no treatment.
A 21-year-old member asked:

What is a pseudomonas infection?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Ankush Bansal
Internal Medicine 17 years experience
Bacterial infection: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative rod bacteria that can cause infection of the body, usually the lungs or skin. It is often seen in patients with chronic medical conditions or those that have a suppressed immune function from another disease.

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Last updated Sep 8, 2013
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