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A 41-year-old member asked:

what is high blood pressure?

24 doctor answers31 doctors weighed in
Dr. Louis Grenzer
Cardiology 55 years experience
See below: The pressure inside the arteries is too high. The systolic pressure is that when the heart contracts and the diastolic is the pressure when the heart relaxes. It is most commonly measured with a blood pressure cuff which is an indirect measurement. Sometimes a needle is place within an artery and attached to a transducer to measure the pressure directly and continuously in sick patients.
Dr. Kenneth Cheng
Family Medicine 31 years experience
Symptomless disease: High blood pressure (BP) is a disease where the pressure in your arteries is too high, where the systolic is >140 or the diastolic is >90 (see my colleague's answer for an explanation of systolic and diastolic.) ideally the BP should be <130/80. High BP often is without symptoms but needs treatment to prevent heart disease & stroke. Untreated high BP can also lead to kidney disease and impotence.
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
What is high BP?: A level of blood pressure that has been proven to shorten ones life and a level of BP that if treated prolongs ones life. The best is to be below120/80. However for treatment we use 135/85 at home as high. At your age above 135/85 at home would be consider HTN that needs to be lowered. Always try DASH diet first.
Dr. Elden Rand
Cardiology 21 years experience
Need more info: Ideal blood pressure is less than 120/80. Stage 1 hypertension starts at 140/90.
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
To diagnose high blood pressure one needs to have the most accurate device that can be found. This is still a BP taken by a trained human listening to the BP and using a calibrated manometer. i never trust an automated device for my patient unless i can validate it as accurate by auscultation. Note in the photo shown here the observer is not using the bell. Needs retraining.
Nov 10, 2016
Dr. Dean Giannone
Internal Medicine 25 years experience
BP definition.: The blood pressure is the resistance to blood flow through the body. The higher number is the resistance when the heart pumps, and the lower number is the resistance when the heart relaxes and fills. High BP can lead to problems with the heart, kidneys, eyes, blood vessels and brain.
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
What is high BP?: A level of blood pressure that has been proven to shorten ones life and a level of BP that if treated prolongs ones life. The best is to be below120/80. However for treatment we use 135/85 at home as high. At your age above 135/85 at home would be consider HTN that needs to be lowered. Always try DASH diet first.
Dr. Dean Giannone
Internal Medicine 25 years experience
BP definition.: The blood pressure is the resistance to blood flow through the body. The higher number is the resistance when the heart pumps, and the lower number is the resistance when the heart relaxes and fills. High BP can lead to problems with the heart, kidneys, eyes, blood vessels and brain.
Dr. Donald Alves
Emergency Medicine 24 years experience
Yes? =140+/90+: If systolic (top #) is repeatedly 140 or higher and/or diastolic (bottom #) 90 or higher, then have hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure. Need to document BP readings from same machine/cuff (home, at store, etc.) w/date & time of day. Take list to your dr for review and discussion of benefit of medication vs likelihood of lifestyle changes lowering bp.
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
To diagnose high blood pressure one needs to have the most accurate device that can be found. This is still a BP taken by a trained human listening to the BP and using a calibrated manometer. i never trust an automated device for my patient unless i can validate it as accurate by auscultation.
Nov 10, 2016
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
What is high BP?: A level of blood pressure that has been proven to shorten ones life and a level of BP that if treated prolongs ones life. The best is to be below120/80. However for treatment we use 135/85 at home as high. At your age above 135/85 at home would be consider HTN that needs to be lowered. Always try DASH diet first.
Dr. Dean Giannone
Internal Medicine 25 years experience
BP definition.: The blood pressure is the resistance to blood flow through the body. The higher number is the resistance when the heart pumps, and the lower number is the resistance when the heart relaxes and fills. High BP can lead to problems with the heart, kidneys, eyes, blood vessels and brain.
Dr. Yash Khanna
Family Medicine 57 years experience
High blood pressure : Blood pressure is the force of blood as it flows through the walls of the arteries. It is measured as mm of mercury. There are two numbers to it . The upper higher number is when heart is pumping blood and called Systolic and lower when heart is at rest called Diastolic.Notmal BP is 120/ 80.Prehypertension is120-139/80-89.Numbers above that140/90 is HighBP and called Hypertension according to NIH
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
To diagnose high blood pressure one needs to have the most accurate device that can be found. This is still a BP taken by a trained human listening to the BP and using a calibrated manometer. i never trust an automated device for my patient unless i can validate it as accurate by auscultation. For example the device shown in this picture can read +10 mm hg in some and -10 in others.
Nov 10, 2016
Dr.
A Verified Doctoranswered
A US doctor answeredLearn more
More than 140/90: Your blood pressure is recorded as two figures. For example, 150/95 mm Hg. High Blood pressure is persistent readings greater than 140/90. This can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Self-help: Lose weight, exercise, eat healthily, reduce alcohol, caffeine and salt. Still high: See your doctor you may need as many as three or four medications for high blood pressure.
Dr. William Haynes
Endocrinology 37 years experience
Damages Arteries: High blood pressure damages arteries, leading to atherosclerosis. This leads over many years to gradual blockage of arteries and eventually to heart attack (death of heart muscle from lack of blood), angina, and stroke. High blood pressure also damages the kidneys and heart muscle and can lead to CHF and kidney failure. It also increases risk of dementia. Treatment is safe and effective.
Dr. Calvin Weisberger
Cardiology 51 years experience
Hypertension: Blood pressure over 140/90 is considered high blood presssure.
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
To diagnose high blood pressure one needs to have the most accurate device that can be found. This is still a BP taken by a trained human listening to the BP and using a calibrated manometer. i never trust an automated device for my patient unless i can validate it as accurate by auscultation. Note the human taking this pressure in no using the recommended bell.
Nov 10, 2016
Dr. Clarence Grim
Endocrinology 57 years experience
What is high BP?: A level of blood pressure that has been proven to shorten ones life and a level of BP that if treated prolongs ones life. The best is to be below120/80. However for treatment we use 135/85 at home as high. At your age above 135/85 at home would be consider HTN that needs to be lowered. Always try DASH diet first.
Dr.
A Verified Doctoranswered
A US doctor answeredLearn more
Persistent &gt; 140/90: Your blood pressure is recorded as two figures. For example, 150/95 mm Hg. High Blood pressure is persistent readings greater than 140/90. This can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Self-help: Lose weight, exercise, eat healthily, reduce alcohol, caffeine and salt. Still high: See your doctor you may need as many as three or four medications for high blood pressure.
Dr. Calvin Weisberger
Cardiology 51 years experience
Hypertension: If you have high blood pressure you need a low salt diet and to see your doctor for work up, treatment and follow up.
Dr. Yash Khanna
Family Medicine 57 years experience
Yes any one can: High blood pressure is a common medical condition and 67 million adults 31%have high blood pressure, that is 1in3 american adults.Anyone including children can develop high blood pressure. So get yourself checked by your doctor tofind if you may have, you can 1get BP checkedregularly 2maintain healthy wight 3be physically active 4limit alcohol use 5dont smoke 6restrict salt in your diet good luck.
Dr. Diane Minich
Family Medicine 37 years experience
Anyone: Can develop hypertension at any age, get it checked by a doctor.
Dr. Ajai Sawhney
Internal Medicine 25 years experience
High Blood Pressure: You first need to be diagnosed by your physician as Stage 1 or Stage 2 based on your numbers. Diet and exercise modification are the first step including weight loss. If this fails then medication may be wararnted
Dr. Jovita Anyanwu
Internal Medicine 30 years experience
See a doctor : High blood pressure may be transient or real. Isolated single reading is not enough to establish diagnosis. Reducing salt intake, exercise, diet change and avoiding drugs and cigarettes may be advised plus or minus medications after evaluation for secondary HT N
Dr. Ira Friedlander
Cardiac Electrophysiology 42 years experience
You should make: an appointment with a health care professional for a thorough evaluation and recommendations.
Dr. Laura Anissian
Internal Medicine 21 years experience
High blood pressure: You should start with regular exercise and watching your salt intake. Limit this to less than 1500 mg daily. If this still does not control the blood pressure, then you will want to see a physician for treatment with medication.
Dr. Raid Saco
Specializes in Internal Medicine
See a doctor: How high your blood pressure get? Your blood pressure should be &lt;130/80 mmHg. If persistently higher than that; you have to pursue lifestyle and dietary modifications to lower your blood pressure and see a doctor to supervise the process and start you on medications if the lifestyle and dietary modification measure found to be inadequate to control your blood pressure.

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