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A 33-year-old member asked:

what is urine composed of?

2 doctor answers7 doctors weighed in
Dr. Quresh Khairullah
Nephrology and Dialysis 42 years experience
Water ,waste,salts: Urine is made from blood filtering through the kidneys.Waste which are several chemicals generated from what you eat are eliminated , also excesss water and salts such as sodium and pottassium are also regulated.Acid base balance is also one of the many functionsof the kidney acheived from making urine.
Dr. Craig Smith
Urology 35 years experience
Mostly water: Urine is mostly water (about 95% water), however, the rest of the contents of urine can vary depending of what you've eaten, drank, breathed or been exposed to. The remainder of urine usually consists of urea, uric acid, ammonia, hormones, dead blood cells, proteins, salts and minerals, and toxins.

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A 44-year-old member asked:

Why do the doctors check my urine so frequently?

2 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Megan Bird
Obstetrics and Gynecology 19 years experience
Many things: We check your urine for a couple of reasons. First, infection. Uti's can be silent in pregnancy. Second, we check the glucose. If it is really high you may be at risk for diabetes.
Dr. Robert Phillips
Obstetrics and Gynecology 38 years experience
Also protein in the urine can be associated with some of the high blood pressure problems of pregnancy
Dec 17, 2011
A 21-year-old member asked:

What should I do if I suddenly cant pass urine?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Ahmad M Hadied
Orthopedic Surgery 49 years experience
Go to ER: Not able to pass urine could be a serious problem some , have many causes, please check out.
A 33-year-old member asked:

Does urine spread cryptosporidium?

3 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. George Klauber
Specializes in Pediatric Urology
No: Cryptosporidium is spread by the fecal-oral route. Most commonly by ingestion contaminated water. Will cause relatively mior GI upset in normal healthy people. Recovery is rapid and complete. It can be dangerous, even fatal in immunocompromised people such as people who are HIV positive. Not transmitted by by urine.
CA
A 34-year-old member asked:

What chemicals are there in urine?

2 doctor answers7 doctors weighed in
Dr. Madhu Kandarpa
Nephrology and Dialysis 9 years experience
Several : There are several measurable and unmeasurable chemicals including urea, sodium, potassium, toxins. There are also some unknown chemicals.
CA
A 44-year-old member asked:

What could foam in my urine be indicative of?

2 doctor answers6 doctors weighed in
Dr. Raj Singh
Internal Medicine 11 years experience
Protein: Foamy urine can be normal. Sometimes high concentrations of protein in urine can make the urine frothy and requires medical evaluation to exclude serious kidney problems.

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Last updated Jun 7, 2018

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