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A 37-year-old member asked:

How are alcoholic liver disease and viral hepatitis different?

2 doctor answers9 doctors weighed in
Dr. Jeff Blixt
Addiction Medicine 25 years experience
Different causes: One is caused by alcohol and the other is caused by a virus which infects the liver, hepatitis b and c are the most common causes of chronic viral hepatitis. As both of these affect and damage the liver they may have similar symptoms such a jaundice and evenually cirrhosis. The treatment however would be different. Having a viral hepatitis and drinking would speed the progression of the damage.
Dr. Thomas Frazier
Gastroenterology 17 years experience
Patterns of injury: Acute viral hepatitis presents with transaminases (lft's) in the thousands with alt>ast. Acute alcoholic injury to the liver causes ast>alt and the levels are <500. Importantly, the mortality of acute alcoholic hepatitis is much higher than viral hepatitis. Chronic liver injury is another story.
Last updated Apr 4, 2016

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