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A 21-year-old male asked about a 22-year-old female:

viral encephalitis vs meningitis which is more serious nd fatal and which can be cured to a good level after it happens? usual recovery time?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 56 years experience
CNS infection: This is dependent on the causative agents, the time therapy is begun, the immune status of the person infected, the therapy available and other factors. There is not a simple answer to this question.

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A member asked:

What are the differences between viral and bacterial meningitis?

3 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Julia Lee
Specializes in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Symptoms are similar: Meningitis is an infection of the tissues surrounding the brain. Symptoms may include fever, headache, a stiff neck (an inability to touch the chin to the chest) and a rash. Generally bacterial meningitis is more serious than viral. However, intravenous antibiotics and other medications are usually initiated until laboratory results and other tests confirm the cause.
A 21-year-old member asked:

Is encephalitis genetic?

2 doctor answers7 doctors weighed in
Dr. Steven Bowers
Internal Medicine 33 years experience
No: Encephalitis is an inflammatory process involving the brain that is usually caused by infection, either viral or bacterial.
A 21-year-old member asked:

What is west nile encephalitis?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Robert Kwok
Pediatrics 33 years experience
Mosquito-borne virus: West nile virus, transmitted by mosquito bites, can cause encephalitis, inflammation in the brain. There is no vaccine available to protect a person from west nile virus.
A 21-year-old member asked:

What is the difference between meningitis and encephalitis?

2 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Robert Kwok
Pediatrics 33 years experience
Different locations: Meningitis is inflammation or infection of the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) and membranes (meninges) covering the brain and spinal cord. Encephalitis is inflammation or infection of the brain tissue itself. When the two diseases happen together, it is called meningoencephalitis.
A 21-year-old member asked:

How is bacterial meningitis diagnosed?

3 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Ryan Stanton
Emergency Medicine 18 years experience
Spinal Tap: The standard for diagnosis of bacterial meningitis is the lumbar puncture. In the procedure, a needle is inserted in the lower back to get CSF which is the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. That fluid is then tested for infection.

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Last updated Oct 8, 2013
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