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what is the difference between autism and mental retardation

A 45-year-old member asked:
Dr. David Namerow
48 years experience Pediatrics
Many differences: Autism is a specific group of disorders with communication difficulties, inability to react to surrounding people; repetitive movements and sounds. D ... Read More
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A 44-year-old member asked:
Dr. Chester Berschling
49 years experience Psychiatry
Autism vs MR: Mr is a reflection of compromised intellectual skills which can be measured and categorized. I may also be seen in any medical, physical and psycholog ... Read More
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A 40-year-old member asked:
Dr. Carlos Satulovsky
27 years experience Psychiatry
IQ measure: Mental retardation only reflects points in a scale of intelligency, determined through standarized tests. Autism, on the other hand, is a set of typic ... Read More
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A 55-year-old member asked:
Dr. Daniel Anderson
33 years experience Psychiatry
Yes: Estimates are that as many as 75% of children with autism have some level of mental retardation from mild to moderate in severity.
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A 48-year-old member asked:
Dr. Mark Diamond
45 years experience Pediatrics
Learning potential: Mental retardation implies a lower iq or learning potential.Adhd is a condition where the brain has problems controlling distractability, impulsive be ... Read More
A 39-year-old member asked:
Dr. Johanna Fricke
49 years experience Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Different diagnoses: 35-65% of people with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - observable deficits in social communication & social reciprocity + stereotypical movemen ... Read More
A 52-year-old member asked:
Dr. Donald Jacobson
39 years experience Psychiatry
Autism spectrum: Please refer to the following review.En.Wikipedia.Org/wiki/autism_spectrum the autism spectrum or autistic spectrum describes a range of conditions c ... Read More
A 33-year-old member asked:
Dr. Bartholomew Vereb
15 years experience Psychiatry
A spectrum: Essentially, the degree and...Well...Pervasiveness of delay. Or, as we generally say in psychiatry, the degree of dysfunction. The problem only become ... Read More
A 46-year-old member asked:
Dr. Terri Graham
30 years experience Pediatrics
Autism: ASD or autism spectrum disorder is a continum of diagnoses. An easy way to think of it is to imagine a number between 1-100. The severity of symptom ... Read More
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A 42-year-old member asked:
Dr. Kathryn Akin
36 years experience Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Not much: Autism is currently a diagnosis that meets a specific set of diagnostic criteria. We know that their are a great number of people who do not meet this ... Read More
A 42-year-old member asked:
Dr. Cornelia Franz
Specializes in Pediatrics
They are both: On the spectrum of autism disorder. Aspergers in general is more high functioning. They are all very bright people.. Aspergers tend to excel academica ... Read More
A 39-year-old member asked:
Dr. Frank Gaskill
23 years experience Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Aspergers: There is really no such thing as high functioning autism. Watch these two videos to get a better understanding. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x ... Read More
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A 56-year-old member asked:
Dr. Anatoly Belilovsky
34 years experience Pediatrics
You say potato,: I say po-tah-toe... Seriously, the terms are interchangeable, except that asperger's diagnosis is no longer "in the book.".
A 46-year-old male asked:
Dr. Seth Kunen
44 years experience Clinical Psychology
Different disorders: Adhd refers to problems with attention, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity. "executive" functions are not as well developed as they should be. Asperg ... Read More
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A 41-year-old male asked:
Dr. Michael H. T. Sia
30 years experience Pediatrics
See below: Dyspraxia: problems with movement & coordination. Aka "motor learning disability". Those with dyspraxia find it hard to carry out smooth & coordinate ... Read More
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A 53-year-old member asked:
Dr. Donald Jacobson
39 years experience Psychiatry
Autism includes : Language delay. Not everybody with language delay has autism. www.med.umich.edu/yourchild/topics/speech.htm speech and language delay and disorder. ... Read More
A 39-year-old member asked:
Dr. Glen Elliott
42 years experience Child Psychiatry
Symptom presentation: This distinction, introduced in the early 1990's, arose because some individuals had major delays in social interactions and language, along with odd ... Read More
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A 53-year-old member asked:
Dr. Alan Ali
Dr. Alan Ali answered
31 years experience Psychiatry
Psych.: Psychiatrist is a medical doctor (md) treating patients with mental illnesses, both thru therapy & managing medications. Psychologist is a phd who tre ... Read More
A 38-year-old member asked:
Dr. Gamal Boutros
38 years experience Neurology
Pdd,asperger: Pdd, pervasive developmental disorders is the umbrella-- under it there is subclassification 1-autism 2-asperger 3-pdd, not otherwise specified.
A 30-year-old member asked:
Dr. Mark Diamond
45 years experience Pediatrics
Probably Not Much: To my knowledge, these are expressions for the same condition. Aspergers is now part of what is called the autistic spectrum, a range of conditions sh ... Read More
A 46-year-old member asked:
Dr. Bernard Seif
39 years experience Clinical Psychology
Adult ADHD is an: inability to focus on a specific thought or task for very long and includes hyperactivity on the part of the person. Dementia is unrelated and refers ... Read More
A 41-year-old member asked:
Dr. Anthony LaBarbera
27 years experience Pediatrics
See below: Autism effects speech, cognition, and socialization. Speech apraxia/dyspraxia only effects speech.
A 56-year-old member asked:
Dr. Cynthia Rector
28 years experience Psychiatry
A LOT!: Catatonia is a sign of severe mental illness. Patients with catatonia are not thinking clearly. Sometimes they take minutes to answer a simple quest ... Read More
A 55-year-old member asked:
Dr. James Van norman
33 years experience Psychiatry
A big difference: Catatonia is an uncommon, severe and life threatening psychiatric condition. Usually in the context of severe mood disorders. It involves inability to ... Read More
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2 thanks

90,000 U.S. doctors in 147 specialties are here to answer your questions or offer you advice, prescriptions, and more. Get help now:

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Personalized answers
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