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what causes dwarfism in humans

A 40-year-old member asked:
Dr. Heidi Fowler
24 years experience Psychiatry
Often gene mutation: According to the mayo clinic most cases of dwarfism are genetic (gene mutation) in nature however sometimes the cause is not known.

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A 36-year-old member asked:
Dr. Elizabeth Wallen
34 years experience Pediatrics
Short stature: There are literally hundreds of causes (or afflictions) of dwarfism. One of the most common is achondroplasia but that is not the only one.
A 36-year-old member asked:
Dr. Ahmad M Hadied
48 years experience Orthopedic Surgery
Yes it could: Osteochondrodysplasias are a group of hereditary disorders in which bone or cartilage grows abnormally, so that the skeleton develops abnormally. Many ... Read More
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A 42-year-old member asked:
Dr. Anna-Kaisa Niemi
15 years experience Clinical Genetics
It depends: It depends on what one means by dwarfism: a short stature in general (this depends on your ethnic origin as well) or a genetic syndrome which involves ... Read More
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A 41-year-old member asked:
Dr. Keith Vaux
26 years experience Clinical Genetics
Many types: There are many different types, for example, the most common type is achondroplasia which is on the short arm of chromosome 4.
A 34-year-old member asked:
Dr. Richard Roberts
45 years experience Pediatrics
Genes on chromosomes: the knowledge of the osteochondrodystrophies causing dwarfism has in some cases reached the molecular level. There are dozens of different kinds. Som ... Read More
A 30-year-old member asked:
Dr. Dariush Saghafi
32 years experience Neurology
Multiple causes: Hyposomatotropism has a variety of causes including genetic controls over production ; secretion of pituitary hormones. This cause is often detected a ... Read More
A 20-year-old female asked:
Dr. Roy Arnold
46 years experience Internal Medicine
Hypopituitarism: If entire pituitary affected, not just growth hormone, other hormones such as gonadotropins, TSH and ACTH will be low as well. Symptoms are those of t ... Read More
A 31-year-old member asked:
Dr. Ed Friedlander
43 years experience Pathology
Probably all of them: There are a few hundred different genetic loci that produce dwarfism. Achondroplastic dwarfism is usually the result of a mutation on chromosome 4.
A 44-year-old member asked:
Dr. Kyon Hood
Dr. Kyon Hood answered
19 years experience Pediatrics
It could be a cause: Causes of hypopituitarism can directly affect the pituitary gland or indirectly through the hypothalamus, which in turn affects the pituitary gland. C ... Read More

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