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A 44-year-old member asked:

can someone explain to me what copd is? it's chronic obstructive pulmonary disease but what is that exactly please?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Latonya Brown-Puryear
Pulmonary Critical Care 22 years experience
COPD: COPD is an umbrella diagnosis and under that umbrella is emphysema, chronic obstructive bronchitis, and some will have an asthmatic component. Associated with cigarette smoke (including second hand), certain occupational exposures, and certain genetic abnormalities. It is chronic and progressive. Significant cause of hospital admissions/ md visits/ death!
Dr. Hesham Hassaballa
Pulmonary Critical Care 22 years experience
Chronic Lung Disease: COPD is a disease of inflammation and/or destruction of the lung. Most often, it is from smoking cigarettes, but not always. There are two main components: chronic bronchitis, which is coughing up mucus every day; and emphysema, which is destruction of the lung tissue. Both conditions block air from completely exiting the lung causing symptoms. That said, it can be treated effectively and be well.

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A member asked:

What is the outlook for a child diagnosed with pulmonary atresia (pa)?

5 doctor answers11 doctors weighed in
Dr. Roy Benaroch
Pediatrics 27 years experience
Depends: Depends on whether there is also an intact or open ventricular septum (vsd) and how quickly and effectively the pulmonary valve can be opened after birth, if necessary. There's no good "one answer" to this question without a lot more information about the specific case.
A 21-year-old member asked:

Does smoking causeemphysema?

2 doctor answers12 doctors weighed in
Dr. Aaron Milstone
Pulmonology 27 years experience
Definately: Smoking is the number one risk factor for the development of emphysema. Other risks include family history, a genetic predisposition (such as Alpha one antitrypsin deficiency) and occupational exposure (usually related to dusts). If you have no desire to develop emphysema do not smoke.
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A 40-year-old member asked:

Does cold weather worsen emphysema symptoms?

2 doctor answers3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Aaron Milstone
Pulmonology 27 years experience
Not necessarily: Some patients with emphysema do better in colder air/cooler temperatures and find extreme heat more difficult. Each patient is an individual and there are no broad recommendations from any organization to avoid cold/heat. It really depends on how you as an individual feel in extremes of temperature.
A 21-year-old member asked:

Can allergic pulmonary aspergillosis relapse?

1 doctor answer4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Jack Mutnick
Allergy and Immunology 17 years experience
Absolutely: It is classic for recurring bouts. You should speak with your pulmonologist or primary care provider to determine if this is flaring; and what treatment options exist if it is a recurrence.
A 21-year-old member asked:

How common is pulmonary aspergillosis in the us?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Pavel Conovalciuc
Family Medicine 23 years experience
Uncommon: Pulmonary aspergillosis is an uncommon infection in the immuno competent population, but is much more prevalent in patients whose general or local (pulmonary) immunity is compromised (hiv +, patients receiving chemotherapy, multiple disease conditions including COPD etc.).

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Last updated May 7, 2016

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