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A 47-year-old member asked:

when was minimally invasive heart surgery performed first?

2 doctor answers3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Randy Kiewe
Cardiology 27 years experience
1998: In may 1998, dr. Friedrich-wilhelm mohr using the da vinci surgical system performed the first robotically assisted heart bypass at the leipzig heart centre in germany.
Dr. Robert Binford
Thoracic Surgery 38 years experience
1994: The first midcab (single vessel bypass thru a 3 inch incision between the ribs on left side while the heart still beats was by dr coulson in 1994. The first use of heart port system which lets you stop the heart with the heart lung machine was by drs sterman and stevens in 1995. This system allowed you to do more than one bypass and also do mitral valve surgery.

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A 42-year-old member asked:

What can I expect in a sinus surgery?

1 doctor answer6 doctors weighed in
Dr. Alen Cohen
ENT and Head and Neck Surgery 14 years experience
Improvement: You should expect to breathe better with less nasal congestion, decreased sinus pressure/pain and decreased number of sinus infections. More info at www.Socalsinus.Com.
A 42-year-old member asked:

What is a 3rd degree heart block?

2 doctor answers3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Shabbir Hossain
Internal Medicine 16 years experience
Bad stuff: Your heart rhythm is normally a carefully coordinated event that has a natural progression electrically to create an effective forceful heart beat. When you have 3rd degree block, it's completely discordant (ie nothing is working together) . When the different parts of the heart are doing their own thing without communicating properly, it's life threatening and requires a pacemaker
A 37-year-old member asked:

Does HRT cause or prevent heart and cerebrovascular disease?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Rick Koch
Cardiology 22 years experience
Hrt: By hrt i'm assuming you mean hormone replacement therapy in women. While this once thought of as protective it no longer is considered as such . A large study of nurses found increased cardiovascular events in women on hrt.
A 36-year-old member asked:

How can I find my maximum heart rate when running?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Michael Fenster
Cardiology 31 years experience
Take your pulse: At some point during peak exercise stop and take your pulse. Count the heartbeats over 10 seconds (and multiply by 6) or 15 seconds (and multiply by 4). This will give you beats per minute, which are the units to measure heart rate.
A 31-year-old member asked:

What does the anesthesiologist do on the day of lumbosacral spasm surgery?

2 doctor answers3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Orrin Ailloni-Charas
Anesthesiology 29 years experience
A thorough: History and physical will be performed and a plan will be crafted suited to your needs and desires. The plan will be discussed with you and your questions answered prior to the beginning of the anesthetic.

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Last updated Nov 27, 2017

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