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A 32-year-old member asked:

what is cystic hygroma?

2 doctor answers2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Stephen Berns
Pathology 20 years experience
Cyst of the neck: It's a large cyst of the neck, typically seen in newborns. There is an association with turner's sydrome, where a baby girl is born with only one x chromosome. (45, xo).
Dr. Joseph Woods
Pathology 28 years experience
A lymphangioma.: A cystic hygroma is a congenital multiloculated lymphatic lesion that can arise anywhere, but is classically found in the left posterior triangle of the neck. This is the most common form of lymphangioma. It contains large cyst like cavities containing watery fluid. Cystic hygromas are benign, but can be disfiguring. It affects children; very rarely it can present in adulthood.

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A 47-year-old member asked:

What are the tests for cystic hygroma?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. James Ferguson
Pediatrics 46 years experience
? Tests ?: The cystic hygroma is usually suspected due to size, location & characteristics. Laboratory examination of the excised mass confirms the initial assessment.
A 32-year-old member asked:

What is the treatment for cystic hygroma?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. James Ferguson
Pediatrics 46 years experience
Excision if desired: The cystic hygroma is usually suspected due to size, location & characteristics. Laboratory examination of the excised mass confirms the initial assessment. Small defects may be left alone if desired. Many larger defects can interfere with general functions & should be removed.
A 42-year-old member asked:

What are the symptoms of cystic hygroma?

1 doctor answer6 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joseph Woods
Pathology 28 years experience
It depends.: Many cases of this are found in utero, or after birth, so often there are no symptoms, just the sign of a swelling in the neck by the posterior triangle at or after birth. Some can be large and can affect breathing and swallowing. They can resolve, but if they are large, they need to be drained. In any case, these patients need to be in a neonatal center capable of monitoring and treating them.
A 35-year-old member asked:

What is a cystic hygroma associated with?

1 doctor answer5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Pathology 49 years experience
Nil to chromosomal: Cystic hygroma can be found in healthy babies or in babies born with chromosome abnormalities. The outcome is generally better for a baby that does not have a chromosome abnormality. About 60% of cystic hygromas result from chromosome abnormalities. Common disorders associated with cystic hygroma are turner syndrome and trisomies.
A 41-year-old member asked:

What is the cure for cystic hygroma?

2 doctor answers6 doctors weighed in
Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
Maternal-Fetal Medicine 26 years experience
No cure per se.: Cystic hygroma (ch) is typically seen around 12-22 weeks in fetuses with turner/down syndrome, or severe cardiac/skeletal anomalies. It's a marker of disorders and not a problem in and of itself. As such, no specific treatment is warranted in utero. It may lead to a pregnancy loss or completely resolve. Rare newborns have persistent ch and merit consultation with plastic surgery; tincture of time!

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Last updated Aug 14, 2019

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