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how many parathyroid glands do humans have

A 44-year-old member asked:
Dr. Joseph Roosth
34 years experience in Internal Medicine
Parathyroid Glands: The parathyroid glands are 4 small groups of tissue that sit behind the thyroid gland. They make parathyroid hormone or PTH which is involved in calc ... Read More
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A 49-year-old member asked:
Dr. Richard Shewbridge
32 years experience in Endocrinology
Calcium regulation.: The parathyroid glands are continously checking the calcium level in the blood. If the level drops too low, the gland produces more parathyroid hormo ... Read More
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A 30-year-old member asked:
Dr. Ankush Bansal
16 years experience in Internal Medicine
Behind thyroid: There are 4 parathyroid glands located behind and at the edges of the thyroid gland in the neck.
A 48-year-old member asked:
Dr. Frederick Singer
57 years experience in Endocrinology
Low blood calcium: Removal of the parathyroid glands would immediately result in a low blood calcium and ususally tingling, muscle cramps, impaired thinking and occasio ... Read More
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A 30-year-old female asked:
Dr. David Sneid
40 years experience in Endocrinology
The adrenal: Glands produce a variety of very essential hormones. Your doctor can evaluate your problems and do appropriate testing (if indicated) to evaluate your ... Read More
A 56-year-old member asked:
Dr. Thomas Knecht
30 years experience in Endocrinology
The circulation: Hi. Hormones made in one place (a gland) are transported throughout the body by the circulatory system to target tissues (tissues where the hormone af ... Read More
A 30-year-old male asked:
Dr. Ed Friedlander
43 years experience in Pathology
Sloppy language: I'm glad you're reading closely. When a pathologists says "pyknotic nucleus", that cells is very dead. Some anatomists use the term more loosely for a ... Read More
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A 25-year-old male asked:
Dr. Martin Rubenstein
44 years experience in Hematology and Oncology
Not true.: Any organ can be damaged by radiation, but tolerance differs in the dose that can be tolerated. Organs with rapid growth rate are often more sensitiv ... Read More
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A 40-year-old member asked:
Dr. David Sneid
40 years experience in Endocrinology
You'll be sick: Adrenal glands don't malfunction very often, and if they do, you'll be sick enough that it will be readily apparent. If they don't produce enough cort ... Read More
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A 44-year-old member asked:
Dr. Sewa Legha
49 years experience in Medical Oncology
Your doctor can help: Since you seem to have ruled out any tumors in the pituitary gland, you must have taken help from your doctor. Did you not ask him/her to explain? Unl ... Read More
A 43-year-old member asked:
Dr. Hesham Hassaballa
21 years experience in Pulmonary Critical Care
Closely related: Many times, early clinical trials are done to figure out how a drug or treatment will work, etc. There are well known "models" of various diseases tha ... Read More
A 52-year-old member asked:
Dr. Otto Placik
33 years experience in Plastic Surgery
Excellent question: There has been much speculation and most points to evolution, if you are a believer. While most animals are quadriods and the buttocks is more attract ... Read More
A 43-year-old member asked:
Dr. Philip Kern
42 years experience in Endocrinology
None: They are both glands that secrete hormones, but different hormones, and a dysfunction of one has no bearing on the other.
A 50-year-old member asked:
Dr. Myron Arlen
63 years experience in Surgical Oncology
Sun exsposure: Because of excessive exposure to sun the country's 22 million people are 13 times more likely to develop skin cancer than the global average. It has ... Read More
A 50-year-old member asked:
Dr. Linda DiMeglio
27 years experience in Pediatric Endocrinology
1:15,000: Cah is found in 1 of every 15, 000 live births.
A 43-year-old female asked:
Dr. Jack Rubin
47 years experience in Nephrology and Dialysis
Thyroids?: You have one thyroid gland (t) and 4 parathyroid glands (p). T secretes thyroxine which is a hormone that is involved with one's metabolism and p's ho ... Read More
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A 32-year-old male asked:
Dr. Tipu Sultan
Specializes in Allergy
Too many questions : not enough space to respond. After thyroid other most common causes for ADHD ARE environmental and nutritional. For details search dr Doris Rapp and A ... Read More
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A 67-year-old male asked:
Dr. Dominic Riganotti
24 years experience in Infectious Disease
Painful : Painful lymphadenopathy (painful lymph nodes) is not a feature of HIV infection. Any physician can order the HIV panel including subclass 2. Mononuc ... Read More
A 46-year-old member asked:
Dr. Philip Kern
42 years experience in Endocrinology
Maybe nothing: There are physiologic reasons why the pituitary may swell, such as pregnancy, hypothyroidism, adolescence. The questions i would ask: is there any ho ... Read More
A 30-year-old member asked:
Dr. Michael Carson
28 years experience in Internal Medicine
Work With Your Doc: Your question is right on target, but because there are so many kinds, and the diagnosis is made based on a careful medical history and certain lab te ... Read More
A 48-year-old member asked:
Dr. Richard Bensinger
51 years experience in Ophthalmology
None: Infection of plants is an entirely different issue than infection of animals (and humans). Plants frequently are toxic to animals to prevent consumpt ... Read More
A 42-year-old female asked:
Dr. Bernard Seif
39 years experience in Clinical Psychology
Low Cortisol: If your doc has tested you and you do have low cortisol you can take a natural approach by taking a supplemental formula targeted to boost your adrena ... Read More
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A 45-year-old member asked:
Dr. Pavel Conovalciuc
22 years experience in Family Medicine
Depends on germ: It depends on the germ. Some germs are very resistant to the environmental conditions they abide in (such as anxtrax germs or tetanus spores), whereas ... Read More

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