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A 35-year-old member asked:

what are the parathyroid glands?

3 doctor answers9 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joseph Roosth
Internal Medicine 35 years experience
Parathyroid Glands: The parathyroid glands are 4 small groups of tissue that sit behind the thyroid gland. They make parathyroid hormone or PTH which is involved in calcium metabolism. Too much PTH causes the calcium level in the blood to go up. An overactive parathyroid gland is often diagnosed when a routine blood test shows a high calcium level.
Dr. Diane Minich
Family Medicine 37 years experience
Parathyroid glands: He parathyroid glands are small endocrine glands in the neck that produce parathyroid hormone. Humans usually have four parathyroid glands, which are usually located in variable manner on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland, or, in rare cases, within the thyroid gland itself or in the chest (mediastinum) or even the thymus.[1] parathyroid glands control the amount of calcium in the blood an.
Dr. Peter Mowschenson
General Surgery 48 years experience
Endocrine glands: Normally four glands - two on each side of the neck with secrete parathyroid hormone and control the blood calcium.

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A 33-year-old member asked:

Is it dangerous if the baby comes out with the cord wrapped around her neck?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. David Fein
Specializes in Preventive Medicine
No: Although the scenario sounds scary, it is actually fairly common to find a "nuchal cord, " an umbilical cord wrapped around the neck, as well as a shoulder, or even leg. The umbilical cord is designed to handle tightening and stretching, because it contains a gelatinous substance within the cord called "wharton's jelly" -- a natural shock absorber!
A 21-year-old member asked:

What are the main complications happen in parathyroid glands?

2 doctor answers7 doctors weighed in
Dr. William Banks Hinshaw
Obstetrics and Gynecology 43 years experience
Hormone changes: The parathyroid glands produce a hormone called pth. The production of this hormone is controlled by the serum levels of calcium. If the production become independent of the calcium level due to a benign tumor of the gland, overproduction occurs. If the glands are injured through radiation or surgery of other means, low production may result.
A 41-year-old member asked:

How do the parathyroid glands work?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Richard Shewbridge
Endocrinology 33 years experience
Calcium regulation.: The parathyroid glands are continously checking the calcium level in the blood. If the level drops too low, the gland produces more parathyroid hormone (pth), which has several actions to promote calcium coming into the blood. The gland also contains c cells, which make a separate hormone, calcitonin, which has some effects on bone metabolism.
A 52-year-old male asked:

What happens if one of your parathyroid glands is damaged?

3 doctor answers9 doctors weighed in
Dr. James Chu
Endocrinology 25 years experience
Three more remaining: There are four parathyroid glands situated in the neck, behind the thyroid gland -- two on left and two on right, usually a few centimeters apart. These glands make parathyroid hormone (PTH) that control calcium and bone metabolism. Usually only 0.5 to 1 parathyroid is sufficient to make enough pth. If 3 to 3.5 glands are damaged or removed, the body can still maintain PTH and calcium control.
India
A 50-year-old female asked:

What complications come in romoving th parathyroid glands

2 doctor answers3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Frederick Singer
Endocrinology 58 years experience
Low blood calcium: If one parathyroid gland is removed complications are unusual. If all 4 glands are removed blood calcium levels develop immediately and if untreated lead to tingling and cramps and occasionally a seizure. A nerve supplying a vocal cord could also be damaged and cause hoarseness.

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Last updated Feb 22, 2019

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