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how do they break up kidney stones

A 41-year-old member asked:
Dr. Brian Golden
20 years experience in Urology
Depends on size : Kidney stones can be fragmented with shockwaves (focused sound waves) directed at the stone, broken up with a laser directed by a scope or crushed wit ... Read More
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A 49-year-old male asked:
Dr. Michael Michaels
52 years experience in Urology
Yes: Lithotripsy will usually break it. Sometimes the urologist may elect to put a stent up the ureter until all the fragments are passed. Good luck.
A 39-year-old male asked:
Dr. Kent Willyard
22 years experience in Family Medicine
Lithotripsy.: Several factors related to the stone, including stone burden (size and number), composition, and location, affect the outcome of extracorporeal shockw ... Read More
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A 41-year-old male asked:
Dr. Richard Levin
31 years experience in Urology
Not likely: Nbmost of these stones cannot be dissolved, except uric acid stones.
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A 45-year-old member asked:
Dr. Phillip Porch
39 years experience in General Practice
CT Scan: Normally today, most stones are seen on a non-contrasted ct scan of the abdomen.
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A 53-year-old member asked:
Dr. Brian Golden
20 years experience in Urology
Quite Variable: Several factors, primarily stone size and patient anatomy, determine how long a stone will take to pass. Larger stones generally take longer to get t ... Read More
A 28-year-old female asked:
Dr. Alvin Mathew
17 years experience in Internal Medicine
Kidney stones: There are many causes for kidney stones. Diagnosis is made by combination of urinalysis, ultrasound of the kidneys, ct scan (non-contrast) or by stra ... Read More
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A 54-year-old male asked:
Dr. David Nelson
32 years experience in Family Medicine
Catch a stone: Try to recover a stone after you pass one. Take it to a urologist and they will find out what it is made of. Most stones are made of calcium oxalate. ... Read More
A 41-year-old member asked:
Dr. David Koota
29 years experience in Urology
stones, form: It is a great question and usually unaswerable. In the proper setting, sig dehydration , and in the proper patient, sig metabolic abnormalities they ... Read More
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A 41-year-old female asked:
Dr. James Lin
Dr. James Lin answered
50 years experience in Urology
Here are...: How ; when to remove stones inside kidney? Surgeon has to consider the size/stone load, density, location, availlable technology, and patient's unders ... Read More
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A 41-year-old member asked:
Dr. Ryan Stanton
17 years experience in Emergency Medicine
Size and time.: The only way to know for sure is time, but a general cut off is about 5mm(.5cm). Bigger than that, odds are it woun't pass. Smaller will most likely p ... Read More
A 32-year-old female asked:
Dr. Robert Donato
24 years experience in Urology
Three General Rules: Stones form for two reasons: too much of something in the urine that promotes stone formation, or not enough of something that prevents them. 1. Hydra ... Read More
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A 47-year-old member asked:
Dr. Clarence Grim
56 years experience in Endocrinology
Kidney stones.: this is a very complex issue but basically the urine becomes supersaturated with a material that settles out and forms stones. Good discussion in wik ... Read More
A 44-year-old member asked:
Dr. Phillip Porch
39 years experience in General Practice
Time: If the stone is a passable size (5 millimeters or less), given time, the ureter which it is passing through will contract to pass the stone through in ... Read More
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A 47-year-old member asked:
Dr. Bac Nguyen
22 years experience in Family Medicine
Plenty of fluids...: Calcium oxalate stone=common type and excess of these two substances (calcium + oxalate) in presence of concentrated/acidic urine allows formation of ... Read More
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A 27-year-old male asked:
Dr. James Lin
Dr. James Lin answered
50 years experience in Urology
Here are some...: Almost all urinary stones start off at the tips of calyceal papillae of kidneys where they attach with no Sx-pain. If they detach, drop, & move in ... Read More
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A 50-year-old male asked:
Dr. Joseph Woods
27 years experience in Pathology
Drink lots of water.: Drinking lots of fluids is likely the most effective way to stop kidney stones from forming. Limiting protein intake also helps.
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A 47-year-old member asked:
Dr. Joseph Accurso
28 years experience in Radiology
Water, water, water: Drink plenty of water. Dehydration increases the risk of both kidney stones and kidney infections. Think of the water you drink as diluting the othe ... Read More
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A 48-year-old member asked:
Dr. Moez Khorsandi
26 years experience in Urology
Depends: It depends on the type of stone, your fluid intake, genetics, and your body's tendency to excrete certain compounds. Since there are so many factors, ... Read More
A 60-year-old female asked:
Dr. Ryan Polselli
14 years experience in Radiology
Hard to be exact...: Good question. I am not aware of any studies ever published on this to be sure...My colleagues may help if they do. I can say that I have seen many ab ... Read More
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A 53-year-old member asked:
Dr. Cindy Juster
35 years experience in Pediatrics
Ask her Dr.: Please ask her doctor. There may be another medication that may help, but it depends on what is causing the kidney stones.
A 49-year-old member asked:
Dr. Mark Hoepfner
38 years experience in General Surgery
Gallstones: Gallstones are made up of bile crystals or cholesterol crystals that grow over time into gallstones. They can form when the bile chemical makeup is un ... Read More
A 45-year-old member asked:
Dr. George Klauber
Specializes in Pediatric Urology
Very variable: Can be as little as virtually none or so little that it can only be identified by microscopic examination all on extreme low side. Can be severe enoug ... Read More
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