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A 40-year-old member asked:

how do hiv & aids differ?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Daniel Lee
Internal Medicine 26 years experience
Infection severity: There are several differences between HIV and aids. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes progressive destruction of the immune system. As the immune system declines, a person can get one of 20+ opportunistic infections associated with acquired immund deficiency syndrome (aids). A person can also have aids if their CD4 or t-cell count (marker of immune function) is <200.

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A 21-year-old member asked:

I don't want to get aids, what preventative measures can I take?

2 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Booth Wainscoat
Infectious Disease 21 years experience
Know your partner: All adults aged 13-64 should receive an HIV test regardless of risk. Knowing you & your partners HIV status is essential to avoid hiv. Using a condom is essential to prevent HIV & other std's. You may qualify to take HIV medication daily in order to prevent getting HIV if you engage in high risk sexual activity - an HIV specialist is needed for this. Iv drug users should never share needles.
CA
A 39-year-old member asked:

Can I get HIV in other ways besides sexual intercourse?

2 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Daniel Lee
Internal Medicine 26 years experience
Yes, several ways: The most common way to get HIV is thru unprotected sexual intercourse. However, other ways include sharing hiv-infected needles (often associated with using illegal injection drugs, rarely with tattooing but possible), receiving infected blood transfusions or blood products (though the blood supply is screened thoroughly these days), and passing HIV from mother to child thru breastfeeding.
Dr. Martin Raff
Dr. Martin Raff commented
Infectious Disease 56 years experience
Oral sex in which ejaculate from the penis is deposited on structures behind the oral cavity. The tonsils, lymph nodes in the throat, and other such areas upon which HIV may be deposited has been shown to be a source of disease.
Jan 17, 2013
A 22-year-old member asked:

Can HIV increase my chances of cancer?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Carlo Contreras
A Verified Doctoranswered
A US doctor answeredLearn more
Potentially: Poorly controlled HIV results in a condition where your own immune system is not capable of fighting off even common viruses and bacteria. Part of the normal function of the immune system is to kill cancerous cells in the body. So yes, HIV can increase your change of cancer in the long-term.
A 44-year-old member asked:

Can you please tell me how HIV and aids differ?

3 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Simon Tsiouris
Infectious Disease 23 years experience
Cause and effect: Hiv is the human immunodeficiency virus, if untreated in an infected person it leads to a deterioration of the immune system which manifests as aids, the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. People with aids typically suffer from infections which individuals with a healthy immune system would not get.
Dr. John Washburn
Family Medicine 20 years experience
Well said. These terms are not interchangeable contrary to what some may hear in the public arena.
Jul 11, 2012
A 48-year-old member asked:

Is it safe to live with an HIV positive family member?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joel Gallant
Infectious Disease 36 years experience
Yes: You don't get HIV from living with someone with hiv, only from sex. Close contact is not a risk.

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Last updated Feb 13, 2015

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