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A 36-year-old member asked:

what is the fuction of the parathyroid gland?

2 doctor answers3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Frederick Singer
Endocrinology 58 years experience
Regulates calcium.: The parathyroid glands secrete parathyroid hormone which is critical in maintaining a normal calcium level in the blood. It acts on the bone and kidneys to accomplish this.
Dr. Peter Mowschenson
General Surgery 48 years experience
Calcium control: It very precisely controls the blood calcium level at a max of 10.2 mg /100 ml. If calcium rises then PTH drops, if calcium drops then PTH rises to keep in range.

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A 27-year-old member asked:

Do I have just one bad parathyroid gland?

4 doctor answers9 doctors weighed in
Dr. Quang Nguyen
Specializes in Endocrinology
Usually: Usually it's one gland that has the adenoma but you can also have a condition called parathyroid hyperplasia where all 4 glands are enlarged. You only need 1/2 of a parathyroid gland to function normally, that is, 1/2 out of 4 glands.
A 22-year-old member asked:

What is a parathyroid gland and where is it located?

3 doctor answers15 doctors weighed in
Dr. Quang Nguyen
Specializes in Endocrinology
Neck: The parathyroid glands are diffierent than the thyroid gland (they share part of the name but their functions are very diffierent). There are 4 parathyroid glands. They are usually located on the back of the thyroid gland but they can also be located around the jaw and neck as well.
A 21-year-old member asked:

How can one diseased parathyroid gland be found?

4 doctor answers8 doctors weighed in
Dr. Kenneth Adler
Family Medicine 40 years experience
Blood work and scan: The first step in diagnosis is blood work. Overactive parathyroid glands cause high levels of blood calcium. This can be found on routine blood work and patients often have no symptoms initially.. A number of things can cause parathyroid problems, but if a parathyroid "adenoma" is the cause, parathyroid scanning will determine which of the 4 parathyroid glands in the neck are involved.
A 21-year-old member asked:

Do I have just one parathyroid gland with disease?

4 doctor answers7 doctors weighed in
Dr. Patrick Melder
ENT and Head and Neck Surgery 27 years experience
Maybe: Hyperparathyroidism can affect one gland or all glands (typically 4).
A 42-year-old member asked:

What does the parathyroid gland do?

1 doctor answer4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Melissa Young
Internal Medicine 9 years experience
Regulate calcium: The parathyroid glands secrete a hormone that keeps the level of calcium in the blood from falling. It does this by pulling calcium from the bone and by preventing loss of calcium through the kidney. It is also necessary to convert vitamin d into its active form, which in turn increases calcium absorption in the gut.

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Last updated Jun 10, 2014
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