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A 21-year-old member asked:

what is glaucoma?

6 doctor answers16 doctors weighed in
Dr. Sarab Alfata
Family Medicine 20 years experience
Eye disease: Eye disorder in which the optic nerve suffers damage, permanently damaging vision in the affected eye(s) and progressing to complete blindness if untreated. It associates with increased pressure of the fluid in the eye
Dr. Robert Chang
Specializes in Ophthalmology
Eye disease: There are many types of glaucoma, but the final common pathway is the progressive loss of ganglion cells (faster than age-related loss) and resultant increase in "cupping" of the optic nerve, leading to loss of vision. The cause of glaucoma can be multifactorial and is typically divided into mechanical and vascular issues.
Dr. Richard Bensinger
Ophthalmology 52 years experience
Impaired eye fluid: Glaucoma is a condition in the inside of the eye, in which the fluid (aqueous humor) cannot get out at a low enough pressure to prevent the pressure from causing loss of the nerves and blood vessels at the back of the eye which causes vision to be lost. Measured will be eye pressure, corneal thickness, visual field, and disc structure. These are all part of the diagnosis.
Dr. Yash Khanna
Family Medicine 57 years experience
Increased pressure: It is associated with increase fluid pressure in the eye and causes damage to the optic nerve in a characteristic pattern.If not treated properly it can lead to blindness.
Dr. Harold Peltan
Ophthalmology 28 years experience
Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a family of conditions that cause withering of the optic nerve and corresponding defects in the visual field. It may or may not be associated with increased eye pressure.
Dr. Robert Kwok
Pediatrics 33 years experience
Eye pressure problem: Glaucoma is an eye disorder that damages the eye’s optic nerve, which is the main nerve attached to the back of the eyeball. It usually happens when fluid builds up in the eyeball and increases the pressure inside the eye, thus damaging the optic nerve. Glaucoma is a cause of blindness for people over age 60. Blindness from glaucoma usually can be prevented with medical care.

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A 22-year-old member asked:

How is glaucoma diagnosed?

4 doctor answers8 doctors weighed in
Dr. Cynthia Point
Specializes in Internal Medicine
Eye exams: Glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve caused by eye pressures that are too high for the particular eye. It is diagnosed by the eye doctor seeing the optic nerve having a special appearance, and then a test called a visual field test shows loss of vision in the outer part of the field. That is why we all should get eye exams starting at about 40 years of age.
A 22-year-old member asked:

Is glaucoma curable?

4 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Sarab Alfata
Family Medicine 20 years experience
Yes: The purpose of treatment is to save the optical nerve from damage and to normalize the pressure inside the eye. This can be done mostly by surgery.
A 21-year-old member asked:

Define glaucoma?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. James Leaming
Specializes in Emergency Medicine
Optic nerve damage: Glaucoma is an eye disorder in which the optic nerve suffers damage, permanently damaging vision in the affected eye(s) and progressing to complete blindness if untreated. It is often, but not always, associated with increased pressure of the fluid in the eye.
CA
A 25-year-old member asked:

Is glaucoma inherited?

5 doctor answers16 doctors weighed in
Dr. Robert Chang
Specializes in Ophthalmology
Yes: Yes there is a genetic component (small percentage of the total), but the disease is still, for the most part, multifactorial. Thus genetic testing is not common since not all the genes for glaucoma have been identified yet. Glaucoma genetic studies are ongoing, including mapping out the phenotype.
A 35-year-old member asked:

What causes glaucoma?

4 doctor answers9 doctors weighed in
Dr. Richard Bensinger
Ophthalmology 52 years experience
Mostly unknown: A few cases of glaucoma occur due to trauma, inherited problems and anatomical underpinnings. The majority - 'open angle glaucoma'- is largely age related with no known cause.

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Last updated Dec 16, 2017

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