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A 41-year-old member asked:

Human immunodeficiency virus--can it mutate?

1 doctor answer3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joel Gallant
Infectious Disease 36 years experience
Yes: Hiv mutates in response to HIV therapy. If you're being treated without a complete response (partial suppression), the virus can mutate so it can replicate in the presence of the drugs. This usually happens in people who don't take their medications properly. They can then transmit the mutant virus to others. Spontaneous mutation (mutation independent of therapy) has not been a big problem.

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A 36-year-old member asked:

What all is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joel Gallant
Infectious Disease 36 years experience
HIV infection/AIDS: The HIV virus causes HIV infection and aids. There are many clinical manifestations of HIV infection and aids, which are too numerous to list here.
A 40-year-old member asked:

What causes the human immunodeficiency virus?

1 doctor answer3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Joel Gallant
Infectious Disease 36 years experience
HIV: The obvious answer is that HIV causes it. But perhaps you meant "how do you get it?" you get HIV by having unsafe sex or by sharing needles/syringes by someone else who has it.
Dr. J. Yusuf Erskine
Holistic Medicine 32 years experience
nice to see you on health tap Joel! Speaking at international AIDS conference in DC?
Jul 26, 2012
A 42-year-old member asked:

If a cure were to be discovered for human immunodeficiency virus, what would it do?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 56 years experience
HOPEFULLY GO AWAY: Viruses are not cognitive creatures. If we were to devise some means of eradicating the infection they would either mutate to a form which would again produce disease, or disappear or become a benign commensal. Philosophically, it has been said that infections are a result of two biological beings coming in contact with each other and yet not finding full compatibility, which hopefully changes.
A 33-year-old member asked:

How did human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) evolve?

1 doctor answer5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 56 years experience
Evolution: It came from a simian precursor transmitted to humans by one of several mechanisms. This virus mutates continuously and the form to which it mutates which is best capable of surviving under the circumstances is the one which will be reproduced and multiply within infected cells. Unless of course you are a creationist.
A 43-year-old member asked:

What symptoms are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Martin Raff
Infectious Disease 56 years experience
Many and few.: At the outset the patient infected may not even be aware of the presence of the virus, and this can persist until the immune system is badly damaged, and secondary infections or cancers occur (8-12 yrs). Sometimes, acute HIV syndrome will present as a mononucleosis-type illness with multiple symptoms. Best thing to do is get checked and tested if you feel you have been exposed.

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Last updated Aug 29, 2014
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