7 doctors weighed in:
What is achalasia ?
7 doctors weighed in

Dr. David Cooke
Surgery - Thoracic
4 doctors agree
In brief: Motor disorder
Achalasia is a motor disorder of the esophagus.
Achalasia is characterized by two things: 1) failure of relaxation of the sphincter between the esophagus and stomach when swallowing, 2) no normal mobement of the esophagus. Best treatment is minimal invasive surgery (or robotic) cutting muscle and a partial "wrap" procedure called heller myotomy with fundoplication.

In brief: Motor disorder
Achalasia is a motor disorder of the esophagus.
Achalasia is characterized by two things: 1) failure of relaxation of the sphincter between the esophagus and stomach when swallowing, 2) no normal mobement of the esophagus. Best treatment is minimal invasive surgery (or robotic) cutting muscle and a partial "wrap" procedure called heller myotomy with fundoplication.
Dr. David Cooke
Dr. David Cooke
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Dr. David Earle
Surgery
1 doctor agrees
In brief: Broken esophagus
Achalasia is where the esophagus does not function to propel food into the stomach.
Because the valve entering the stomach usually only opens when it gets a signal that food is coming from the esophagus, it tends to rarely open due to this lack of function of the esophagus. The valve then gets stiff, and prevents passage of food into the stomach. Treatment is aimed at permanently opening the valve.

In brief: Broken esophagus
Achalasia is where the esophagus does not function to propel food into the stomach.
Because the valve entering the stomach usually only opens when it gets a signal that food is coming from the esophagus, it tends to rarely open due to this lack of function of the esophagus. The valve then gets stiff, and prevents passage of food into the stomach. Treatment is aimed at permanently opening the valve.
Dr. David Earle
Dr. David Earle
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1 doctor agrees
In brief: Swallowing disorder
Achalasia is a disorder of the muscles of the esophagus leading to swallowing problems.
It usually has two components: 1) failure of propulsive ("peristaltic") contraction of the muscles of the body of the esophagus; and 2) failure to relax of the lower esophageal sphincter (the outlet of the esophagus into the stomach). Both lead to obstructive symptoms and gradual dilation of the esophagus.

In brief: Swallowing disorder
Achalasia is a disorder of the muscles of the esophagus leading to swallowing problems.
It usually has two components: 1) failure of propulsive ("peristaltic") contraction of the muscles of the body of the esophagus; and 2) failure to relax of the lower esophageal sphincter (the outlet of the esophagus into the stomach). Both lead to obstructive symptoms and gradual dilation of the esophagus.
Dr. Stephen Cassivi
Dr. Stephen Cassivi
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