My foot hurts! Can they do anything for a broken toe?

Possible. If you have had xrays and been told you have a broken toe, in general a period of 'buddy splinting' may be indicated for about 4-6 weeks. Depending on the severity and location of the actual fracture, there are less common instances where this could require surgery. That being said, without knowing the exact location and type of fracture, makes a complete answer difficult.
Maybe. It depends how long it has been broken, whether it is out of alignment, or mis-shapen.