Like other cancers. Surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
Many ways. Local disease is treated by surgery and radiation. Surgery is more common. Chemotherapy, like Cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil used before or during radiation is just as good as surgery and radiation in locally advanced disease. Recurrent or metastatic disease is treated palliatively with Cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil or paclitaxil. Patients with localized disease can have 75% 5 year survival.