How long after wisdom teeth extraction does dry socket develop?

Early. This can happen in 48-72 hours. Not usually later. Please call the oral surgeon who did the procedure if you are having problems.
48-72 hrs. A dry socket will present as intense/increasing pain typically 48 hours after a tooth extraction. It is caused by exposed bone in an area that has lost it's blood clot. Treatment is to have a medicated dressing placed into the affected area. Antibiotics will not help a dry socket.