Many. There are several types of laxatives. Stimulant laxatives include dulcolax. Osmotic laxatives like MiraLAX (polyethylene glycol) and lactulose. There is also a laxative that acts by blocking a chloride channel in the small intestine called lubriprostone.
Find the cause! Many doctors will say you need more fiber and more water in your diet, which may be the case, but in my practice, I often find that constipation is due to low thyroid function (even when thyroid labs are normal), or a food sensitivity which may be causing inflammation in the GI tract, not allowing it to work properly. Another cause may be magnesium deficiency. I could write a book about this topic!
Lots, but. There are many therapies for constipation. Laxatives, enemas, colon hydrotherapy, fiber, etc. But, the real questions is why do you have constipation? You must find the cause and treat it to obtain real changes in your health. Looking at intestinal infections, nutrition, trauma, etc. Are some of the approaches to take.
What is the problem? If you tell me the problem I will tell you the treatment.
Myasthenia Gravis. Tx is with acetylcholine estrase inhibitors and immunosuppressant drugs, or surgically thru thymectomy.
Options. In addition to what dr. Ali has answered, this information link may help: http://goo. Gl/3xxmd to begin, you should have open and clear discussions with your family physician and neurologist.
Crepitus. Crepitus is just a term to describe a physical exam finding of bones or joints that are "noisy" when manipulated or palpated. Crepitus is not necessarily associated with a condition that warrants treatment, or can be treated.
See long answer. Crepitus usually refers to the "crunching" or "grinding" sound joints make. This noise is a result of cartilage damage and subsequent roughening. Knees are the most common joint involved. Ususally, treatments are aimed not at the noise itself, but at the underlying cause. The focus is usually on treating the cartilage damage and forming strategies to protect and even regenerate the cartilage.
Quad strengthening. Crepitus is caused by softening and fibrillation of the cartilage on the underside of the kneecap. If your kneecaps do not track well within the groove of your knee, then there are surgical treatments to re-align your kneecaps. Mostly, though, this can be treated with quad and hamstring strengthening and stretching as well as lots of knee motion, like cycling or elliptical.
I think you mean. Morphea. It is a localized hardening of the skin more or less the same as the more widespread scleroderma. I have treated one case with megavitamins but that is not the usual and customary.
CBT. Cognitive behavioral therapy may be effective for your fear of birds. Good luck.
Otolaryngology. It's important to begin by discussing the problems with your pcp who might refer you to a otolaryngologist or speech therapist, depending on the symptoms and other findings from initial examination. Most vocal problems are not severe, and "vocal rest" can be helpful for overuse problems. But, occasionally a voice problem is an early sign of throat cancer. So, don't delay in making an appointment.
Several Modalities. GD results from metabolic error caused by gene driven deficiency of the enzyme that helps recycle a class of compounds called glycolipids. Goals of treatment; symptom resolution, prevention of end organ damage resulting from abnormal accumulation of glycolipids in these organs by enzyme replacement, decreasing production of glycolipids and treating symptoms; Objective, improve quality of life.
Get an exam. There are many treatment options but it depends on what is causing the balance problem. It could be your inner ear, a muscular disorder or even your nervous system. I reccommend you see a physician in order to determine the root cause.