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What are causes of testicular torsion?
6 doctors weighed in

Dr. George Klauber
Pediatrics - Urology
5 doctors agree
In brief: Bell-clapper testis
Some men have a testis that hangs loosely within the tunica vaginalis which is membrane around testis.
Torsion can occur if the membrane is attached unusually high on the spermatic cord, often with a testicle which lies transversely rather than vertically. Testicle thus hangs like the clapper of a bell. Additionally, contraction of the cremaster muscle can then cause testicle to twist on it's cord.

In brief: Bell-clapper testis
Some men have a testis that hangs loosely within the tunica vaginalis which is membrane around testis.
Torsion can occur if the membrane is attached unusually high on the spermatic cord, often with a testicle which lies transversely rather than vertically. Testicle thus hangs like the clapper of a bell. Additionally, contraction of the cremaster muscle can then cause testicle to twist on it's cord.
Dr. George Klauber
Dr. George Klauber
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