What is temporal arteritis?

Inflammation. Temporal arteritis (ta) is a non-infectious inflammation of the temporal arteries, ususally seen in individuals over 50 yrs. Headache or head pains are the most common complaint, associated with tender temporal arteries. Other symptoms include jaw claudication, anorexia, fever, anemia and elevated wbc. An elevated sedimentation rate (esr) is typically above 80mm/hr, but ta can occur with normal esr.
Risk of blindness. It is form of auto-immune disease causing inflammation of blood vessels, not just teporal artery. Patients are at high risk of blindness due to involvement of blood vessels in the eye. The disease can be controlled with stroids (prednisolone). It is also called giant cell arteritis, usually occurs in older people, may be associated with fever and constitutional symptoms.

Related Questions

What is temporal arteritis?

Temporal afteritis. Is a vasculitis -- that is inflammation of a blood vessel. It is an autoimmune disease -- the immune system attacking ones own body. The temporal part refers to the dominant vessel involved -- on the temple (in front of and just above the ear.
Artery inflammation. Also known as "giant cell arteritis" is an auto-immune disease characterized by inflammation of the vessels of the head and neck. Its cause is unknown. It is more common in women and usually is seen in the elderly. Definitive diagnosis requires removal of a portion of the superficial temporal artery and examination under a microscope looking for "giant cells" that are damaging the arteries.

What can I do for temporal arteritis?

Steroids. Steroids, most commonly, prednisone, are the only generally accepted treatment for the symptoms of ta. Other medications have been used with varying and mostly disappointing results.
Options beyond pred! Steroids may be used initially, but the use of Methotrexate, and more recently the tnf-alpha inhibitors have shown remarkable efficacy with quick action. The high dose steroids used solely in the past may have saved lives. But still cause major problems for patients.

What are the signs of temporal arteritis?

Head pain. Localized pain over the temple and swollen temporal artery can presage blindness, and even a stroke, and clues can be found with blood tests. The diagnosis may require a temporal artery biopsy. Treatment with steroids can control the process.
Temporal arteritis. Excessive sweating, fever, general ill feeling jaw pain that comes and goes or occurs when chewing loss of appetite, muscle aches pain and stiffness in the neck, upper arms, shoulder, and hips throbbing headache on one side of the head or the back of the head scalp sensitivity, tenderness when touching the scalp vision difficulties blurred vision double vision reduced vision weakness, tiredness.

What are the symptoms of temporal arteritis?

Headache, visual. Headache, segmental loss of vision, jaw pain, fever and fatigue are the major symptoms.
Symptoms of TA. Headache, the most common symptom, usually begins early in the course of the disease and is present in at least two-thirds of patients. Initially the headache may be the only presenting symptom with the temporal and occipital regions being the most common locations. Tender spots or nodules may be present in the scalp, especially over inflamed arteries.

What is this disease called "temporal arteritis"?

A complex disease. Temporal arteritis is inflammation and damage to blood vessels that supply the head area, particularly the large or medium arteries that branch from the neck and supply the temporal area. If the inflammation affects the arteries in your neck, upper body and arms, it is called giant cell arteritis.
Vasculitis. Another name for this is giant cell arteritis, and this is an inflammation of the blood vessels in the body. If untreated it can lead to blockages or aneurysms of the arteries. Temporal arteritis can lead to blindness in severe cases. Typical symptoms include headache and tenderness over the temporal artery, which is found along the hairline near the temple of your head. Treatment is with steroids.

What is use to diagnose temporal arteritis I was told it only happens I women but having severe headaches for a year sore tempals?

SEE BELOW. Typically, this occurs in far more elderly people, but, if a question, screening is done using sedimentation rate, and c-reactive protein. If elevated, a temporal artery biopsy should be confirmatory. Since you have experienced symptoms for over a year and have not lost vision, doubt you have temporal or giant cell arteritis. Maybe you have problems with your jaws. Consult with oral surgeon.
Highly unlikely. Temporal arteritis in a 36 years is incredibly rare. I strongly doubt that it is a consideration.
See below. At your age, temporal arteritis is not likely. However; you may want to see your dentist to be evaluated for TMJ which could explain your symptoms.

Does temporal arteritis just affect in their 50's or can I afect young men too?

It certainly could. Disease does not follow the usual pattern in the majority of cases. Classical circumstances are found in textbooks not clinics.
Rarely. It is possible, but extremely rare. One neurologist I used to work with said that unless there is overwhelming evidence, being under 50 virtually excludes it.