What is melasma?

Pigment change. Melasma is a pigment change that is affects many layers of the skin and usually is related to hormonal imbalances. It can occur in all ethnic groups, it is treated with skin lightners such as hydroquinone 4%, vitamin c/kojic acid, retin-a, lasers and peels like the melange peel. Avoiding the sun, using SPF can help. Adding vitamin d helps since you limit your sun exposure.
Increased pigment. The is an increase in pigment in different layers of the skin. It can be superficilal, deep , or a combination. It occurs associated with pregnancy amd in certain ethnic groups such as hispanics, people of mediterranean descent. Common areas are on the upper lip, cheeks, and forehead. Various bleaching creams containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, testimon, or coffeberry can lighten the melasma.

Related Questions

What causes melasma?

Overactive pigment. Certain people will develop extra pigment on the face when exposed to sun or after pregnancy. The melanocytes produce and disperse extra pigment in the skin. Read more...
The. The exact cause of melasma is still unknown, however researchers theorize that melasma occurs as a result of the color-making skin cells (melanocytes) producing too much color or melanin resulting in patchy discoloration. There are also genetic and other predispositions that are the cause. Common triggers of melasma include extended sun exposure, estrogen supplements, birth control pills, and pregnancy. Read more...

What does melasma look like?

Lacy pigmentation. Melanoma is most often seen on the cheeks, forehead and around the mouth. It is a lacy patchy brown pigment that gets dark in the sun. Read more...
Melasma. Melasma is a very common patchy brown, tan, or blue-gray facial skin discoloration, almost entirely seen in women in the reproductive years. It typically appears on the upper cheeks, upper lip, forehead, and chin of women 20-50 years of age. Although possible, it is uncommon in males. It is thought to be primarily related to external sun exposure, external hormones like birth control pills, pregna. Read more...

What is melasma, and can men get it as well as women?

Yes. Melasma is a pigment deposition disorder that is thought to be closely linked to hormonal change. The classic example is the "pregnancy mask.". We do not fully understand its pathophysiology. Sun exposure makes it much worse. Men also can develop melasma, though many fewer cases noted than in women, and can be off-face such as on the arms. Read more...
Yes. Yes both can get melasma although it is usually much more common in women than men. Especially in cases of pregnancy for women. Often it is seen as a darkening of pigment with patterns on face and body with varying severity. It is thought to be a significant reaction to hormonal changes in the body. Read more...

What causes melasma? My friend randomly developed a spot on her face that she says is called melasma. What causes this? .

Melasma . Melasma is a common acquired increase in pigmentation occuring exclusively in sun-exposed areas that is typically brownish in color. It tends to be prominent (but not exclusively) among latinos and asians, and more apparent during and after periods of sun exposure. It mostly arises from pregnancy (chloasma) and oral contraceptives, but can also be associated with endocrine dysfunction, genetic factors, certain medications, nutritional deficiencies, among other things. Read more...

What would cause melasma in my sister (32) and I (26) about 6 months apart? We both have it on our top lip. : (im sorry... On my sister and i.

Hormones and sun. Melasma is a common problem which is mostly in women. It is related to estrogenic hormones and sun-exposure in women. Treatment needs to be directed to both. Pregnancy and birth control pills are common triggers in women. See your dermatolgist. Read more...

23 year old Caucasian who developed what appears to be melasma on upper lip. Can this fade on its own? Will birth control help to reduce the apearance

May. Birth control pills can cause melasma and will not make it better. There is a chance that it will fade over time on its own but it is doubtful that it will go away completely. Hope this helps. Read more...

What are the symptoms of melasma?

None. Melasma is not itchy as it is not inflammatory, and not a result of a rash. Read more...
None. Melasma is a darkening of the skin that occurs on the cheek bones, nose, forehead.. It is not associated with any pain, itching or swelling. It can be distressing because it appears unsightly. It is can be caused by sun damage, hormones in birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy. It can become worse in pregnancy. Tretinoin, skin peels or laser treatments may help improve appearance. Read more...