Is there a difference between pcod and the syndrome? Is there a male counterpart to this women's problem?

No. The paradox if pcos (or pcod) is that women with this condition have higher than normal free testosterone levels, together with Insulin resistance. Men have the latter, but frequently have low testosterone. But women may not ovulate. X includes metformin and clomid (clomiphene).
Semantics Only. Pcod is the traditional designation for people with what was called "classic disease" but there were many people with similar symptoms but failed to meet exact criteria that were labeled pcos or pco-like syndrome. Also many subgroups of pcod existed. Now with much looser criteria, everyone with the syndrome and the subgroups are lumped into pcod by criteria. It's all the same disease.