See below. Hyperlipidemia refers to elevated cholesterol and/or elevated triglycerides and low HDL (good cholesterol). These abnormalities are important because the increase the risk of developing vascular disease over time. They are especially important in patients with other risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, cigarette smoking and family history of premature heart disease.
Hyperlipidemia. Hyperlipidemia means you have elevated bad chlesterol and may be elevated triglycerides. With time the bad cholesterol gets deposited in the inner lining of the blood vessels over the years and causes what we call atherosclerosis or narrowing of the arteries with what we call plaque, and that can cause heart attack, stroke of circulation problems in arteries of legs called peripheral vascular disase.
Risk of diseases. There are different type of hyperlipidemias and each has somewhat different health risks. High cholesterol is associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. High triglycerides increase the risk of acute pancreatitis.