Hypertension. First pregnancies, excessive weight gain, history of chronic kidney disease, chronic hypertension, auto-immune disorders, multiple pregnancies, diabetes are just some of the risk factors for the condition. If you have any of the above, it is important to be under close supervision of your obstetrician/perinatologist.
Several. Your risk for gestational diabetes is greater as you age. Your risk is greater if you have had gestational diabetes in a prior pregnancy, if you have a first degree relative with diabetes, if you have had a baby over 9 pounds, if you are obese, if you have had a stillbirth, or if you are black or asian or an american indian.
Probably. If you answer this definitively, you will win a nobel. There are lots of theories. A prominent one is that you have a abnormally high level of a protein called soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase (s-flt-1), which makes it difficult for small blood vessels to grow. This protein is connected to hypertension and pre-eclampsia in pregnancy. Read more...