Nervous system tumor. Neuroblastoma is a tumor that starts in nervous system cells, usually from the sympathetic nervous system. The most common site is in the abdomen often starting in the adrenal gland. It is a cancer of children. Its prognosis is variable with some resolving spontaneously and others very aggressive. It is treated with surgery and/or chemotherapy. Younger children do better.
Cancer. Neuroblastoma is one of the most common solid tumors/cancers that afflict children. It can arise in any nervous tissue or the adrenal glands. It commonly presents as an abdominal mass. If detected before one year of age it has the best prognosis. It is treated with combination surgery and chemotherapy.