Type of hernia. A hernia is an out-pouching of a cavity lining, most commonly the abdominal cavity through a weakeness in the abdominal wall/fascia called a defect. The end result is passage of abdominal contents or organs through the defect. Hernias progress from reducible (contents moving in/out) to incarcerated (contents stuck in defect) to strangulated (compromised blood supply) & possible organ rupture/death.
Please clarify. Do you mean "what are the after-effects following hernia repair?" , or "what are the consequences of having a hernia that is not surgically repaired?". It would also help to know what kind of hernia you are referring to-inguinal, ventral, etc. Thanks.