My sister was diagnosed with bladder cancer. What do I need to know?

Invasion of muscle. Assuming this is urothelial carcinoma, the most important issue is whether or not there is muscle invasion. One-third of all newly diagnosed cases of bladder cancer present with muscle invasion, which indicates more aggressive disease and requires either cystectomy or combination therapy with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. Also, the grade of the cancer would be useful information.
The bladder holds. Urine, liquid waste filtered blood/plasma by the kidneys, so it is exposed to toxins and held until we void. Cigarett smoking is a risk. The lining may be involved before it invades into the bladder muscle. There ae treatments short of bladder removal if it does not invade the muscle. The standard for invasive cancer is surgery, + chemotherapy.
Bladder cancer. 2 big questions....How deep was the cancer, depth refers to if cancer invades the muscle....2nd issue is high grade or low grade, this refers to how aggressive the cancer cells are and the likelihood od spreading outside the bladder.....Treatments depend on this two critical factors.

Related Questions

Are there non-invasive tests which can diagnose bladder cancer?

No. Bladder cancer is diagnosed with cystoscopy. This is the gold standard test for bladder cancer. This is where a telescope is placed into the bladder for visual examination. Although non-invasive tests can be used and can detect large tumors, they often miss small tumors or flat tumors called carcinoma-in-situ since they cannot be seen on routine x-rays or imaging studies. Read more...
Yes. Urinalysis can demonstrate blood & raise suspicion. Urine cytology can identify bladder cancer cells if present, also atypical cells which can be supect. Bta test is not reliable. Bladder ultrasound of full bladder can demonstrate some tumors. Cancer can be seen by cystoscopy with flexible scope or pediatric scope in females + Lidocaine jelly is fairly non-invasive. Then ?Biopsy is invasive. Read more...

How to diagnose bladder cancer? I have blood in my urine. Can a urine test show if I have bladder cancer? Do other signs of bladder cancer show up in urine, like maybe cancer cells?

Blood . Blood in your urine, known as hematuria, can be either gross (visible to the naked eye) or microscopic (invisible to the naked eye, thus found only upon testing or urinalysis). Bladder & kidney infections can cause hematuria. So can kidney stones. However, these three possibilities are typically associated w/discomfort & pain. Painless hematuria is more worrisome for bladder cancer, especially in smokers and those exposed to (carcinogenic) chemicals at work. The diagnosis can be made by your family physician via urine testing, either cytology (looking for cancer cells) or bard bta (looking for tumor antigen). If both of those tests are negative but the reason for the painless hematuria remains elusive, then a cystoscopy (visual examination of your bladder via a small camera inside a tube via your urethra) can be performed by a urologist. Biopsies can be taken at this time to determine the nature and extent of the cancer. Sometimes, other tests will be performed looking to see if there's disease anywhere else. For instance, an intravenous pyelogram will allow us to visualize your kidneys & ureters, in addition to the bladder. An abdominal and/or pelvic ct will allow us to visualize any adjacent structures for spread. Read more...
Bladder cancer. The definitive test remains cystoscopy. This must be performed by a qualified urologist. It can, however, usually be performed in the office. Read more...
Bladder ca. Usually urine testing and a cysto or bladder scope need to be done for fiagnosis. Read more...