What are the tests that indicate bone loss?

DXA. A bone density test, (aka dual energy x-ray absorptiometry or dxa) is like a special x-ray and measures how much bone is in the spine, hip and sometimes wrist.
X-ray. Aspecial x-ray test called a dexa scan is done to look at the hip and spine (two areas that are indicators of bone loss). The test does not hurt and usually takes 10-15 minutes. Some clinics have screening tests that involve placing your foot into a machine that looks at heel bone density, but the dexa is the definitive test.