What are the warning signs of a pulmonary embolism (pe or blood clot in the lung)?

Various. The usual warning signs of a pulmonary embolism (pe) include tachycardia (fast heart rate), dyspnea (shortness of breath), chest pain which can be pleuritic (ie hurts when you take a deep breath), fainting (known as syncope) and cyanosis (blue discoloration of the lips or nailbeds).
Depends... Some patients with pe have no symptoms at all. Other patients become acutely short of breath and can have very low oxygen levels, a rapid heart rate, low blood pressure, leg swelling as well as other signs and symptoms. If pe is suspected, a person should go to the nearest er as some pes are life-threatening.
Several signs. Shortness of breath, sharp chest pain, coughing up blood, fainting, and rapid heart rate are all common symptoms of pulmonary emboli. It is one of the most challenging diagnoses to make in medicine on the basis of either symptoms or signs. Because of this, whenever there is a suspicion that is reasonably high, tests must be done to rule it in or out. Surgery, trauma, immobility cancer are risks.
Variable. Symptoms can be variable- from no symptoms whatsoever- to increase heart rate, difficulty in breathing, chest pain especially when taking a deep breath, - these symptoms usually happen all of sudden. If the blood clot is large or affected the central /main arterial area- patient can pass out and people can die from blood clot in the lung. Low grade fever and coughing up blood also can happen.
Most common. The most common sign of a pe is a fast heart rate. Unfortunately a lot of things can give you a fast heart rate. In truth, no symptoms at all can sometimes occur with a pe.

Related Questions

What is the treatment for blood clots in the lung (pulmonary embolus)?

CT scan of lungs. The beginning of all good testing is having the doctor take a good history and do a good physical exam. If the results are strongly suggestive of someone having a blood clot in the lungs (pulmonary embolism-pe), then a blood test called a d-dimer might be ordered. If that is low, you don't have a clot. If high, the gold standard of testing for a pe is a spiral cat scan of the lungs with infusion. Read more...
Anticoagulation. Heparin and then warfarin for about six months and followup pulmonary testing rarely surgery or embolectomy, or lower extremity interventions. Read more...
Acute PE. Treatment of a pulmonary embolus essentially depends on the clinical symptoms at the time of diagnosis. The symptoms can be many and varied. Treatment options:. Blood thinners , thrombolytic s, ivc filter or embolectomy( surgical removal of blood clots). First priority is to stabilize patient if needed. The decision tree will be based on what is deemed most effective for the patient . Read more...
See below. typically, blood thinners such as coumadin are prescribed. If there embolus is large, there is a therapy called EKOS, where an ultrasound probe is placed right where the clot is and another probe is placed with it to deliver medication to basically dissolve the clot. In my experience, this has worked very well. Read more...

Can blood clots of the penis travel to the lungs and cause Pulmonary Embolism?

NO. Mondor's disease is a local phenomenon, Here is a good article: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2978449/ Read more...

Can a blood clot give you chest and jaw pain? I breathe normally, but feel like no oxygen is going to my brain...Whiteouts also. Pulmonary embolism?

This is more likely . Angina, cardiac origin (coronary artery disease) and less likely the presentation of pe. If symptoms just came, chew an Aspirin and get seen at the er. If going on for a while, need to see your doctor sooner than later for a detailed cardiovascular exam, imaging and stress testing. Read more...
Call doctor. You need to be seen by someone asap. This can be bery serious. See doctor or go to er. Read more...

What does blood clot in the lungs (pulmonary embolus) show on ventilation perfusion scan?

Lack of blood flow. A ventilation perfusion scan is a test for a blood clot in the lungs, or pulmonary embolism. If there is a blood clot, an area of the lung will not be perfused, but will be ventilated, and therefore a mismatch will be seen. Read more...
Various. Typically a pulmonary embolism will show defects on the perfusion portion of a ventilation/perfusion scan (also know as a vq). Read more...
Mismatch. Normal ventilation and decreased perfusion, that is normal air but blocked blood flow by clots. Read more...
Sometimes unclear. The findings of a ventilation perfusion scan can sometimes be non-specific and unhelpful. The better way to confirm a pe now is with a spiral ct scan of the lungs with infusion. Read more...
Typical. The typical finding is a mismatch between ventilation and perfusion, however in people with small clots or underlying pulmonary disease the findings are the scan are not always clear. Read more...

Can you get a pulmonary embolism at age 18-22 from a blood clot?

Rare but happens. Pulmonary embolism is uncommon in young active patients, but certainly can occur (witness recent episode with serena williams). Risk factors include genetic predisposition (inherited predisposition to clot), injury to the leg, prolonged immobilzation (for example due to leg injury/surgery), pregnancy, and birth control pill. Read more...
Yes. Luckily, though, this is pretty unlikely. If you have a recurring blood clot problem, you should be checked by a doctor, you may need to be anticoagulated, that is, take blood thinning medication. Read more...

Could someone with a lot of tumours have something more serious like heart attack, diabetes, blood clot, pulmonary embolism?

Possibly. This is a problem that requires a face-to-face meeting with your doctor. In that meeting, your doctor will listen to you, perform a throrough examination and possibly order labs or other tests. Based on this information, he/she will be able to tell you what's wrong and what to do about it. Read more...

Mom massive pulmonary embolism & blood clot in leg bloodwork Nml dr ask if weightloss she has lost 10 lbs in 2 wks no dieting what could mean?

Uncertain. Hi. The relationship may be coincidental or related. DVTs and PEs may be part of some paraneoplastic syndrome, and some cancers are associated with weight loss. Of course, the weight loss and hypercoagulability may also be completely unrelated and purely coincidental. Read more...
Clots and cancer. A frequent cause of unprovoked blood clots in "elderly" is newly diagnosed cancer.There is a 2 -way interaction between blood clots and cancer, meaning that up to 20% of cancer patient develop blood clots and about 10% of patients (especially middle-aged and above) who have unprovoked blood clots will be diagnosed with cancer within one year. Your doctor was looking for symptoms of cancer in mom. Read more...

Why do my legs feel weaker than my arm? Will a d dimer blood test show a pulmonary embolism or blood clot?

D-dimer. A d-dimer test is helpful with regards to diagnosing a pulmonary embolism (pe)or deep vein thrombosis (the pe being caused by a deep vein thrombosis or clot ). The gold standard is still (for a clot) is a venous doppler study and for a pe - either a ventilation perfusion scan (vq scan) or a spiral ct of the lungs. All of these tests require scheduling and may /may not be available in your area. Read more...
Different issues. Legs feeling weaker than arms may be just a part of "weakness". Because your legs feel weak is not likely to be associated with blood clots or pulmonary embolism. Please consult your doctor to evaluate the cause of weakness. Read more...
Often not helpful. If the face of a history that is strongly suspicious for the possibility of a blood clot, a d-dimer level of more than 500 strongly adds to the suspicion of the possibility of a clot. A high d-dimer level doesn't prove the clot though. That takes an imaging study as dr. Williams said. On the other hand, a very low d-dimer means that you don't have a clot. Read more...

Have a history of blood clots in arm, leg, and pulmonary embolism. Last night I had a blood draw, today huge hematoma that is painful. Possible clot?

No. A hematoma occurs when blood leaks out of the blood vessel that was punctured. There is a pool of blood in the adjacent tissues and, since blood is irritating, it hurts. Because of your hx, I'm guessing you might be on an anticoagulant ("blood thinner")? If so, it predisposes you to a hematoma. Hematomas hurt but get better on their own. There's no risk of the clot "traveling" anywhere. Read more...