8 doctors weighed in:

What's the difference between a gum cyst and gum abscess?

8 doctors weighed in
Dr. Brett Noorda
Dentistry
3 doctors agree

In brief: Structure

A cyst can have numerous causes (infection being just one) and is like a balloon--it has a fibrous tissue capsule that surrounds its contents, which can be fluid or other substances.
An abcess is the result of an infection, and is a collection of pus (typically) that fills normal tissue spaces but has no lining of its own.

In brief: Structure

A cyst can have numerous causes (infection being just one) and is like a balloon--it has a fibrous tissue capsule that surrounds its contents, which can be fluid or other substances.
An abcess is the result of an infection, and is a collection of pus (typically) that fills normal tissue spaces but has no lining of its own.
Dr. Brett Noorda
Dr. Brett Noorda
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Dr. Gary Sandler
Dentistry
1 doctor agrees

In brief: In basic terms-

A cyst is a fluid filled sac with a lining of cells surrounding it.
An abscess is an acute localized bacterial infection. A cyst can become infected & an infection can lead to a cyst formation. I'm not sure why you asked the question & what you are referring to when you say "gum cyst"? Are you referring to a mucous cyst from blocked salivary duct or cyst in bone? - two common cysts of the mouth.

In brief: In basic terms-

A cyst is a fluid filled sac with a lining of cells surrounding it.
An abscess is an acute localized bacterial infection. A cyst can become infected & an infection can lead to a cyst formation. I'm not sure why you asked the question & what you are referring to when you say "gum cyst"? Are you referring to a mucous cyst from blocked salivary duct or cyst in bone? - two common cysts of the mouth.
Dr. Gary Sandler
Dr. Gary Sandler
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1 doctor agrees

In brief: Infection

An abscess is considered a swelling caused by a bacterial infection and a cyst is caused by something else.
It could be trauma or genetic in origin. They are usually treated differently but require a visit to a dentist or periodontist.

In brief: Infection

An abscess is considered a swelling caused by a bacterial infection and a cyst is caused by something else.
It could be trauma or genetic in origin. They are usually treated differently but require a visit to a dentist or periodontist.
Dr. John Van der Werff
Dr. John Van der Werff
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Dr. Pablo Cuevas
Dentistry - Prosthodontics

In brief: About the same

An abscess is filled with pus and it is a result of an infection.
Either from a damaged tooth, infected gums or a foreign body (popcorn husk). A cyst can be filled with fluid or other cells that may have inadvertently grown in the wrong area. Both should be evaluated by a trained dentist, hygienist or oral surgeon. Some require no treatment and some require significant treatment.

In brief: About the same

An abscess is filled with pus and it is a result of an infection.
Either from a damaged tooth, infected gums or a foreign body (popcorn husk). A cyst can be filled with fluid or other cells that may have inadvertently grown in the wrong area. Both should be evaluated by a trained dentist, hygienist or oral surgeon. Some require no treatment and some require significant treatment.
Dr. Pablo Cuevas
Dr. Pablo Cuevas
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