What is polycystic ovary syndrome?

Mixed bag. Pcos is a constellation of findings which includes irregular periods, elevated testosterone or testosterone like hormones (with no other cause), resistance to Insulin (predisposition to type 2 diabetes), problems with lipids, many times unwanted face and body hair, sometimes scalp hair loss. Ovarian cysts may or may not be found. Pcos is an outdated term but no better one has been agreed upon.
PCOS. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is diagnosed when a patient presents with cysts on ovaries, evidence of excess androgens (excessive hair growth or acne) and irregular menstrual cycles. Women with pcos usually have elevated testosterone levels and abnormal Insulin levels both of which drive the clinical findings. It can be effectively controlled with a low-glycemic diet, weight loss, exercise, meds.
Hormonal imbalance. Pcos is a hormonal imbalance often associated with cysts in ovaries. It is seen more commonly in people who are overweight/obese and can include changes like lack of periods, decreased breast size, acne, and excess hair growth. If your doctor suspects it, s/he will start with a variety of blood tests to check your hormonal levels.

Related Questions

What is polycystic ovary syndrome? What are the symtoms?

PCOS. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a condition in which a woman has an imbalance in sex hormones. People with pcos often have high androgen (male hormone), irregular or missed periods or cysts in the ovaries. Genetic plays a role in this disorder although the exact cause is unknown. Treatment options are weight loss, birth control pills, metformin (diabetes pill), fertility meds, antiandrogen pills. Read more...

I am just wondering what is polycystic ovary syndrome and is it dangerous?

PCOS. Pcos or polycystic ovary syndrome is a situation where patients may not ovulate regularly. This may also cause some other changes in hormone levels that may cause the lining of the uterus to get very thick, some male type hormones that cause abnormal hair growth or other abnormal patterns with your period. Some people report weight changes and other symptoms. You are more at risk for diabetes. Read more...

What cause Polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) and do exercises and losing weight cause this? Or this is something that females born with?

Born with. this is a birth defect and not caused by weight loss or exercise. Read more...
Weight gain not loss. PCOS is caused by insulin resistance in the majority of people with this condition. Typically there is a family history for diabetes, weight problems, and other family members with PCOS. You are born with the genetic tendency, but weight gain contributes to insulin resistance. Weight loss improves the condition. Read more...

What exactly is polycystic ovary syndrome?

A hormone disorder. Pcos is a syndrome or disorder in which women have 2 of 3 of the following: irregular cycles, multi-cystic ovaries, or excess androgens ("male" hormone levels). Pcos has no specific cause but it is associated with obesity, some heredity, and Insulin resistance (also seen in type 2 diabetes). Treatment can help with ovulation, fertility and cosmetics. Hope this helps. Read more...

What to do about polycystic ovary syndrome symptoms?

? coincidence. B"sd Depends on the symptoms which vary for different patients. In some cases no symptoms, others have absent menses, male hormone sx's such as acne, hair growth, severe weight problems, diabetes, hypertension, mood disturbances etc. There are many different kinds of PCOS and the best treatment depends on the individual hormone situation. Just decreased my rates, for detailed attention! Read more...

What are treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome naturally?

Naturally? There is nothing "natural" about polycystic ovary syndrome so any treatment is not natural by definition. Starting on birth control pills would usually be the first step, assuming you are not trying to conceive. Read more...

What are the signs of polycystic ovary syndrome?

Clinical cues. Hi. PCOS is typified by irregular or absent periods, hirsutism, overweight, high testosterone, insulin resistance (& sometimes type 2 diabetes), and often a high LH:FSH ratio. If you suspect you have PCOS, see your primary doctor, gynecologist, or an endocrinologist. PCOS is a diagnosis of exclusion; Cushing's and non-classical congenital hyperplasia need to at least be considered. Good luck! Read more...

What are the causes of polycystic ovary syndrome?

We don't know. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a collection of problems that tend to occur together: lots of little cysts on the ovary, irregular menstrual cycles and problems with extra hormones. Unfortunately, we just don't know what comes first or what causes what. Read more...
Unknown. No one thing is thought to cause it. Insulin resistance (ir) is commonly associated with pcos, but not all females with ir have pcos. The adrenal glands and ovaries may produce too much testosterone (t) +/- t-like hormones, but ir also increases free t levels which can be elevated even when total t is normal. Treatment with life style modification, metformin (lowers ir) and ocp's help. Read more...

What work best to treat polycystic ovary syndrome?

Depends. Diet, exercise and weight loss is essential. Metformin is probably the "best" rx to decrease the cause of pcos, which is Insulin resistance. Other medications may be indicated to lower elevated testosterone (if present) or assist w/fertility. Check w/ your doctors. Read more...