Often breast only. Common sites of metastasis: liver, lung, bone and brain. Breast cancer is considered a systemic disease, which means we need to treat the risk of spread. That is where chemotherapy and hormone blocking medications play a role.
Many. Breast cancer has the potential to travel to any part of the body. Some of the more common sites are lymph nodes, lungs, liver, bone, brain, and skin. Lobular breast cancer tends to also travel to the GI tracts (stomach, intestine) and intrabdominal cavity (causing ascites, . ..).
What are the chances that breast cancer that has spread to the lymn nodes has not spread to other organ..
Lymph Nodes are a.... ..Window into the rest of the body, meaning, when breast cancer is found in the axillary nodes we assume it is elsewhere. Removing cancerous lymph nodes does not short-circuit the spread of cancer--it tells us what tools are needed. However, this does not make it incurable. It simply means that a combination of chemotherapy & your own body's immune defense will have to kill these "foreigners".
With metastic breast cancer (skeleton/no organ) moving into the csf, what is the prognosis? How much time is likely if it stays out of brain?
It depends. When metastatic breast cancer spreads to the csf, this is carcinomatous meningitis. The diagnosis is made by spinal tap analysis of CSF and by mri. Prognosis is dependent on the molecular markers on the breast cancer, the overall status of the metastatic disease (ie. How widespread) and the response to the chemotherapy. Treatment of the CSF is with intrathecal chemotherapy.
Bone only. Breast cancer can cause pain, can respond to hormonal, chemo- and radio-therapy. No one knows what's next, how long, or how well survival is from this point forward, but there are no curative approaches.
200K plus. There were more than 200, 000 cases of invasive breast cancer last year.
Depends a whole. Lot on stage at diagnosis. Early diagnosis is key to longer survival and less disfiguring surgery.
Anyone. Breast cancer risk increases as we get older. There can be risk factors like family history that cause people to develop breast cancer under the age of 50. The biggest risk is having breasts (women and men) but only 1 out of 8 will develop breast cancer.
Likely none. Early breast cancer will have no symptoms or physical findings or affect on the person in general. Early breast cancers are usually only seen on tests like a mammogram and are easier to treat when early or small.
My grandmother and uncle had breast cancer then to other organs. My uncle had Braca type 2. Is that the "cancer" type I should worry about?
Yea. BRCA2 is part of the "spell checker" protecting the DNA instruction book that controls how our cells grow and divide. Your uncle inherited an abnormal BRCA2 increasing the chance a cell would become cancerous from a misspelling in the DNA. There is a chance that other family members inherited it too. They can be tested and then undergo special screening or risk reducing surgery a la A. Jolie.
Worry is not the.... right word. BRCA 2 mutations are associated with increased risk (not a certainty) for breast, ovary, pancreas, prostate, and maybe other cancers. I would assume your uncle has seen a genetic counselor and was told who in the family should test and in what order. If you do carry the mutation, make sure you act to reduce your risk of cancer as much as possible. Don't worry but be aware. Best 2U.
What happens if breast cancer spreads to other organs and is unoperable does it leave some kind of marks on the body?
Breast Metastases. To the skin would be very unusual. The mets are usually to internal organs.
Rare but can. Metastasize to the skin as can melanoma and GI cancers.
No. It is safe to breast feed after having breast cancer, although the affected breast may not produce milk following radiation therapy. Of course, any medication you take, including chemotherapy, may be passed to your child in the breast milk; therefore, your child's pediatrician needs to be aware of any medication you are taking before starting breastfeeding.
Depends on tx. In general patients being actively treated with chemotherapy should avoid breast feeding. Always best to check with your oncologist.