How is legionnaires' disease treated?

Antibiotics. Antibiotics used to treat legionaires' disease include erythromycin, azithromycin, tetracycline, doxycycline, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, Moxifloxacin and clarithromycin. If the patient is severely ill they are hospitalized and given supportive care.
Antibiotics. The most common ones are from the class of quinolones (levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, gemifloxacin) or newer macrolides (azithromycin, clarithromycin, roxithromycin). The antibiotics used most frequently have been Levofloxacin and azithromycin.

Related Questions

What is legionnaires disease?

Probably not. Legionnaires' disease is a severe form of pneumonia — lung inflammation usually caused by infection. Legionnaires' disease is caused by a bacterium known as legionella. You can't catch legionnaires' disease from person-to-person contact. Instead, most people get legionnaires' disease from inhaling the bacteria. Older adults, smokers and people with weakened immune systems are particularly suscep.

What is legionnaires' disease?

A type of pneumonia. It is a type of pneumonia caused by a bacterium called legionella. This bacterium likes to grow in standing water such as in air conditioning units.
Named after the... Legionnaires convention in 1976 at the bellevue stratford hotel in philadelphia, it is usually a lower respiratory infection (pneumonia) caused by legionella pneumophila usually acquired from aerosols of infected water.

Is legionnaires' disease common?

No. Legionella rarely affects immunocompetent persons. Rare outbreaks like the legionairres have been reported in the us, but again it is not very common.
No. Legionnaires' diseases is not that common. Most people who get sick with exposure to the bacteria have immune deficiencies, lung damage (smokers), age of 65 or older, or work with water cooling systems.
No. According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control), it is estimated that between 8, 000 and 18, 000 patients are hospitalized for Legionnaire's disease in the us every year. However, these figures may be low as many of these infections go unreported or are unconfirmed. Infections can occur year round but seem to be more prevalent in the summer and fall months.
No. The bacteria that causes legionaires' disease requires a moist environment to grow. Most cases have been associated with ccontaminate air conditioning units.

What causes legionnaires disease?

Legionella sp. Legionella pneumophilia is the bacteria that causes legionaires' disease. It was first recognized when it caused an epidemic of pneumonia at a pennsylvania state american legion convention in philadelphia in 1976. Thus the name.

How is legionnaires disease transmitted?

Ihalation. The bacterium Legionella Pneumophila causes most cases of Legionnaire's Disease & is spread when microscopic water drops are inhaled.
Water. Legionella lives in water and is amplified in man made water systems where water is heated and potentially stagnant. Inhalation of aerosols of this water and or aspiration of water into the lungs can cause the disease. Humidification systems, showers, hot tubs, etc have been implicated. Home systems seem to have low risk.

What are signs of legionnaires' disease?

Cough, SOB, fever. Legionaires' disease cannot accurately be differentiated from other forms of pneumonia based on signs and symptoms. The most common symptoms of pneumonia are cough, sputum production, shortness of breath, fever, chills, and chest pain on inspiration. Muscle aches, diarrhea, confusion, low sodium and phosphorus levels and elevated liver enzymes arealso common findings in legionaires' disease.

Is legionnaires' disease easy to diagnose?

No. Presentation includes respiratory symptoms such as cough (may not be productive) and sob, fever, chills, and chest pain. Other symptoms include headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea. May also be characterized by a fever with a pulse-temperature dissociation, nonproductive cough, few pulmonary symptoms, diarrhea, hyponatremia, and elevated AST and alt.
Yes. The legionella urine antigen test has revolutionized the lab diagnosis of legionaires' disease. This test is 90% sensitive for l. Pneumophilia serogroup 1. Since 90% of community acquired legionella is serogroup 1 this makes the test 70-80% sensitive for making the diagnosis.