My sister says she has thyroglossal cyst. What is that?

Thyroglossal cyst. A thyroglossal cyst (or thyroglossal duct cyst) is due to a congenital defect in which the embryonic tissue of the thyroid gland did not complete its process of differentiation in the normal manner. The defect is present at birth, but the symptoms of a nontender swelling in the midline in the front of the neck can develop at any time during life. Treatment is surgical removal of the cyst.
Surgery is important. Thyroglossal duct cysts are best treated when they have not already been infected and so it is important to remove them early. Infection can be very uncomfortable and in some cases, can compress the airway and make it hard to breathe. In addition, the surgery is made more difficult after infection because there is often scar tissue.

Related Questions

What is a thyroglossal cyst?

Rudimentary duct. Thyroglossal duct cyst is a rudimentary duct located at the dorsal base of the tongue at foramen coecum. It goes down to the thyroid cartilage. Usually it is asymptomatic but may get infected and interfere with swallowing, breathing, etc. The treatment is surgical and involves incision on the neck with removal of the entire cyst with the anterior portion of hyoid bone to prevent recurrence. Read more...

How can I treat thyroglossal cyst?

Surgery. Thyroglossal duct cysts can not be treated with medicine and do not go away on their own. Cancers in thyroglossal duct cysts have also been reported. Read more...

What exactly is a thyroglossal cyst?

Thyroglossal cyst. Is a cyst that forms from a persistent thyroglossal duct and usually presents as a midline neck lump that is usually painless and smooth. If infected pain can occur. There may be difficulty breathing or swallowing, especially if the lump becomes large. Read more...
Developmental cyst. A thyroglossal duct cyst is a developmental cyst that occurs in the midline of the neck just above the hyoid bone. It occurs from a persistent thyroglossal duct with an increased incidence of ectopic thyroid tissue. It is usually treated by surgical excision. Read more...

What do you recommend for thyroglossal cyst?

See you doc. A thyroglossal duct cyst is a neck mass or lump that develops from cells and tissues remaining after the formation of the thyroid gland. It is most commonly diagnosed in childhood after an upper respiratory infection when it enlarges and becomes painful. Treatment can involve just simple antibiotics or, in some cases surgery. See your doc for an evaluation and to form a treatment plan. Read more...
Surgery. Usually surgery is performed to remove it. There is no other treatment other than observing it, that i know of. Read more...

Can a thyroglossal cyst cause weight problems?

No. These are nuisance lesions that are left over from the descent of the gland from the mouth of the unborn child. Unless infection or surgery has destroyed the entire thyroid gland, which is very unlikely, look elsewhere for the cause of weight gain -- or as is most common, see what happens to your weight when you pursue some sort of exercise that you enjoy. Read more...
If you can't swallow. A thyroglossal duct cyst occurs in the neck/throat area, center. If the cyst gets large enough, it can cause difficulty swallowing as well as breathing. If you can't swallow, you can't eat, thus the weight loss problem. It does not cause thyroid gland type weight problems. Read more...

What are the most common symptoms of thyroglossal cyst?

Soft lump under chin. This is the most common finding...You may not have any symptom at all beside a lump, relatively soft/cystic, under your chin area. If infected, can cause pain. If grows too large, can cause trouble with swallowing and even breathing....So check with your doc. Good luck. Read more...

What is the definition or description of: Thyroglossal cyst?

Definition. A thyroglossal cyst is a fibrous cyst that forms from a persistent thyroglossal duct. It is a developmental anomaly. See an ENT doc for assessment. Read more...